Bihar

CAPITAL : Patna (Ganga River)

ESTABLISHED : 26 January, 1956

CHIEF MINISTER : Nitish Kumar

GOVERNOR : Keshari Nath Tripathi

Image credit : gis.bih.nic.in

RULING PARTY : Janata Dal (United)

HIGH COURT : Patna (1916)

DISTRICTS : 38



LANGUAGES : Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Maithili, Angika

POPULATION : 10, 40, 99, 452 (3rd)

[Males = 5, 42, 78, 157 & Females = 4, 98, 21, 295]

M : F = 916 : 1000

AREA : 94, 163 sq km (13th)

Density : 1, 102 per sq. km

LITERACY : 63. 80%

ASSEMBLY : 243

Legisletive Council = 75

LOKSABHA : 40

RAJYASABHA : 16

BOUNDARY STATES : Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Nepal

STATE ANIMAL : Gaur (Ox)

STATE BIRD : House Sparrow

STATE TREE : Peepal

STATE FLOWER : White Orchid

STATE DANCE : Bako, Natuna, Jadhana, Chau (Folk Dance), Jati Jatin, Jhijhiya, Karma, Gadur, Bidesia, Seraikella

TRIBES : Sarhul, Karam

FESTIVALS : Chhath

TEMPLES : Mahabodhi Temple – Bodh Gaya

RIVERS : Ganga, Sone, Gandak, Kosi, Kamla, Panar, Saura, Durgawati, Karmanasa

LAKES : The Kanwar Thal Lake (Kabar Thal Lake)

POWER PLANTS 

Kahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station

Barauni Thermal Power Station

Suvarnalekha Hydro Power Plant

PROJECTS/ DAMS : Mahatma Gandhi Sethu (Ganga river – Patna), Kosi Project, Gandak Project,

NATIONAL PARKS & SANCTUARIES 

Valmiki National Park, Gautam Budha Wild Life Sanctuary (Gaya)

Kaimur WildLife Sanctuary

Pant (Rajgir) Wild Life Sanctuary



Valmiki Wild Life Sanctuary

Bheemaband Wild Life Sanctuary

Datma Wild Life Sanctuary

INDUSTRIES : Fertilizers Corporation of India – Sindri, Cotton spinning mills, Sugar mills, Jute mills, Leather Industries

MAIN CITIES : Champaran, Barauni, Sindri, Poosa, Bodhgaya, Aurangabad, Buxar, Chapra, Sasaram, Bhagalpur, Darbhanga, Dehri, Jehangabad, Kishanganj, Muzaffarpur, Barauni, Katihar, Vaishali, Patna (Ganga River)

AIRPORTS : Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport – Patna, Gaya Airport – Gaya

IMPORTANT PERSONS: Gautama Buda, Vardhamana Veerudu, Ashokudu, Babu Rajendra Prasad, Rabri Devi, Thatagath

MISCELLANEOUS

 Lord Curgon Agriculture Research Institute = Poosa

First woman Loksabha Speaker = Meira Kumar

 First woman Chief Minister = Rabri Devi

 Indian Institute of Management (IIM) = Bodhgaya

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