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Indian Polity GK 2020

Indian Polity GK Study Materail for UPSC, SSC CGL, Learn Indian polity and governance notes complete in fdaytalk online 24/7. Indian polity mock test and Indian polity quiz for UPSC from Articles to amendments. Overview of the Indian constitution and politics and Polity for UPSC competitive exams online free, study material 24/7

Parts Name Articles
Part I The Union and Its Territory  Articles (01-04)
Part II Citizenship Articles (05-11)
Part III Fundamental Rights Articles (12-35)
Part IV Directive Principle of State Policy Articles (36-51)
Part IVA Fundamental Duties Article 51A
Part V Union
Chapter I – The Executive Articles (52-78)
Chapter II – Parliament Articles (79-122)
Chapter III – Legislative Powers of President Article 123
Chapter IV – The Union Judiciary Article (124-147)
Chapter V – Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) Article (148-151)
Part VI States
Chapter I – Definition Article 152
Chapter II – The Executive Article (153-167)
Chapter III – State Legislature Article (168-212)
Chapter IV – Legislative Powers of Governor Article 213
Chapter V – High Courts in states Articles (214-231)
Chapter VI – Subordinate Courts Articles (233- 237)
Part VII States in Part B of 1st schedule Article 238
Part VIII Union Territories Articles (239-242)
Part IX Panchayats Articles (243- 43O)
Part IXA Municipalities Articles (243P- 43ZG)
Part IXB Co-Operative Societies Articles (243ZH-243ZT)
Part X Scheduled and Tribal Areas Articles (244-244A)
Part XI Relation Between Union and States
Chapter I – Legislative Relations Articles (245-255)
Chapter II – administrative Relations Articles (256-263)
Part XII Finance, Property, Contracts, Suits
Chapter I – Finance Articles (264-291)
Chapter II – Borrowing Articles (292-293)
Chapter III – Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities, suits Articles (294-300)
Chapter IV – Right to Property Article 300A
Part XIII Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within India Articles (301-307)
Part XIV Services under the Union and States
Chapter I – Services Articles (308-314)
Chapter II – Pubic Service commissions Articles (315-323)
Part XIVA Tribunals Articles (324A-324B)
Part XV Elections Articles (324-329)
Part XVI Special Provisions relating to certain classes Articles (300-342)
Part XVII Official Languages
Chapter I – Language of Union Articles (343-344)
Chapter II – Regional Languages Articles (345-347 )
Chapter III – Language of Supreme Court, High Courts etc Articles (348-349)
Chapter IV – Special Directives  Articles (350-351 )
Part XVIII Emergency Provisions  Articles (352-360)
Part XIX Miscellaneous  Articles (361-367)
Part XX Amendment of Constitution  Article 368
Part XXI Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions  Articles (369-392)
 Part XXII Short Title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals Articles (393-395)

List of Schedules of the Indian Constitutions

Schedules Subject Matter
1st Schedule a) The states
b) The Union Territories
2nd Schedule Part A : Provisions to the President and Governors of States
Part B: Repealed
Part C: Provisions to Speaker, Dy Speaker, Chairman and Dy Chairman of Rajya Sabha and States -Speaker, Dy Speaker, Chairman and Dy Chairman
Part D: Provisions to Judges of the Supreme Court and of High Courts
Part E: Provisions as to the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India (CAG)
3rd Schedule Forms of Oaths or Affirmations
4th Schedule Allocation of seats in the Council of States i e., seats in Rajya Sabha
5th Schedule Provisions to Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes
Part A: General
Part B: Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Tribes.
Part C:  Scheduled Areas
Part D: Amendments of Schedule
6th Schedule Provisions to Administration of Tribal Areas in States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram
7th Schedule Division of Powers
List I: Union List
List II: State List
List III: Concurrent List
8th Schedule Languages ( Recognized languages: 22 )
9th Schedule  Validation of Acts and Regulations of State legislatures dealing with land reforms
10th Schedule Provisions relating to disqualification on ground of defection (Mp’s and MLA’s)
12th Schedule  Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats
13th Schedule Powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities

Indian Polity GK for Competitive Exams

Links Topics
Link 01 Making of Indian Constitution – Part 1
Link 02 Making of Indian Constitution – Part 2
Link 03 Criticism of Indian Constitution
Link 04 Indian constitution articles 01-11
Link 05 Constitutional fundamental rights in India
Link 06 Directive Principles of state policies
Link 07 Fundamental duties in Indian Constitution
Link 08 Constitution of India Union Executives
Link 09 Constitution of India Union Legislature
Link 10 Constitution of India state Executives and Legislature
Link 11 Supreme Court and High Court in Indian Constitution
Link 12 Center and State relationship
Link 13 Center and State Financial relations
Link 14 Local Government and Panchayat Raj System
Link 15 Statuary, Constitutional and extra-Constitutional bodies
Link 16 Amendment procedure of Indian constitution
Link 17
Minimum and Maximum age limit in Indian constitution

Indian Polity GK: Constitution of Indian Question and Answers MCQ Bit Bank

Indian Polity MCQ Question and Answers
Test Paper 1 Test Paper 2 Test Paper 3 Test Paper 4
Test Paper 5 Test Paper 6 Test Paper 7 Test Paper 8
Test Paper 9 Test Paper 10 Test Paper 11 Test Paper 12
Test Paper 13 Test Paper 14 Test Paper 15 Test Paper 16
Test Paper 17 Test Paper 18 Test Paper 19 Test Paper 20
Test Paper 21 Test Paper 22 Test Paper 23 Test Paper 24
Test Paper 25 Test Paper 26 Test Paper 27 Test Paper 28
Test Paper 29 Test Paper 30 Test Paper 31 Test Paper 32
Test Paper 33 Test Paper 34 Test Paper 35 Test Paper 36
Test Paper 37 Test Paper 38 Test Paper 39 Test Paper 40
Test Paper 41 Test Paper 42 Test Paper 43 Test Paper 44
Test Paper 45 Test Paper 46 Test Paper 47 Test Paper 48
Test Paper 49 Test Paper 50

Total Amendments in Indian constitution

First Amendment Act 1952

a) Amendment of article 15, 19, 85, 87, 174, 176, 341, 342, 372 and 376
b) Insert of articles 31A and 31B
c) Insert of schedule 9 in Constitution

Important Provisions

i) Empowered states to make special provisions for social and economical backward classes 
ii) Added 9th Schedule to protect land reforms and other laws from the judicial review 

Second Amendment Act 1952

a) Amendment of Article 81(1)(b)

Important Provisions

i) Removed upper limit representation in Lok Shaba I e., “not less than one member for every 750,000 of the population” as omitted

Third Amendment Act 1954

a) Amendment of 7th schedule

Important Provisions

i) Empowered Parliament to control in Trade and commerce, production, supply and distribution of foodstuffs, edible oil,  seeds and oils, cattle fodder, oil cakes, raw cotton (ginned or unginned), cotton seeds; and raw jute in the public interest

Fourth Amendment Act 1955

a) Amendment of Article 31(2), 31A, 35 (b) and 305
b) Amendment of 9th schedule

Important Provisions

i) Restrictions on property rights given in lieu of compulsory acquisition of private property beyond the scrutiny of courts
ii) Some Acts were included in Schedule 9 of the constitution
a) The Bihar Displaced Persons Rehabilitation (Acquisition of Land) Act, 1950
b) The United Provinces Land Acquisition (Rehabilitation of Refugees) Act, 1948
c) The Resettlement of Displaced Persons (Land Acquisition) Act, 1948
d) Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1950
e) The Railway Companies (Emergency Provisions) Act, 1951
f) Industries (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, 1953
g) West Bengal Act XXIX of 1951

Fifth Amendment Act 1955

a) Amendment of Article 3 

Important Provisions

Empowered President of India to fix a time limit for the State legislature to express their views about Central laws relating to the Bill which affects the area, boundaries or name of any of the States specified in Part A or Part B of the 1st Schedule I e., formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States

Sixth Amendment Act 1956

a) Amendment of Articles  269 and 286.
b) Amendment of 7th schedule

Important Provisions

i) Included new subject entry 92 in Union List- 92A. Taxes on the sale or purchase of goods other than newspapers in the course of inter-State trade and commerce
ii) In the State List, for Subject entry 54- Taxes on the sale or purchase of goods other than newspapers, subject to the provisions of entry 92A of List I
By the above amendment, Parliament restricted State’s powers in taxes(inter-State trade and commerce)

Seventh Amendment Act 1956

a) Amendment of Articles 1, 3, 49, 80, 81, 82, 131, 153, 158, 168, 170, 171, 216, 217, 220, 222, 224, 230, 231 and 232.
b) Articles Inserted 258A, 290A, 298, 350A, 350B, 371, 372A and 378A.
c) Amendment of  8th Part: Trade, Commerce, and Intercourse within India
d) Amendment of 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 7th schedules

Important Provisions

i) Abolished Classification of States by Categories i e., Part A, Part B, Part C, and Part D states. Reorganization of states on linguistic basis and made 14 states and 6 Union territories
ii) Extension of jurisdiction of High Courts to Union territories
iii) Establishment of a common High Court for two or more States
iv) Empowered President to make regulations for Union territories- Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands

Eighth Amendment Act 1960

a) Amendment of Articles 334

Important Provisions

Extended reservation of seats for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled tribes and Anglo Indians in Lok Sabha and State Legislature for 10 yrs (Upto 1970). I e., In Article 334 of the Constitution, for the words “ten years”; the words “twenty years” as substituted

Ninth Amendment Act 1960

a) Amendment of 1st Schedule 

Important Provisions 

As Agreements between India and Pakistan in 1958, 1959 and 1960 regarding boundary disputes, certain territories are to be transferred to Pakistan after demarcation. So Schedule One of Constitution is amendment 

Tenth Amendment Act 1961

a) Amendment of Article 240
b) Amendment of 1st Schedule

Important Provisions 

Incorporated Dadra, Nagar, and Haveli as a Union Territory in the Indian Union

Eleventh Amendment Act 1961

a) Amendment of Article 66 and 71

Important Provisions 

Changed election procedure of Vice-President by providing electoral college consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament and removed words of “members of both Houses of Parliament assembled at a joint meeting”

Twelfth Amendment Act 1961

a) Amendment of Article 240
b) Amendment of 1st Schedule

Important Provisions

Incorporation of Goa, Daman and Diu territories in Indian Union, which immediately before the 12th Dec 1961

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