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 Indian Polity Notes for Competitive Exams

Indian Polity Notes

Polity Notes for IAS, Learn Indian polity and governance notes complete in fdaytalk online 24/7. Indian polity mock test and Indian polity quiz for UPSC from Articles to amendments. Overview of the Indian constitution and politics and Polity for UPSC competitive exams online free, study material 24/7

PartsNameArticles
Part IThe Union and Its Territory Articles (01-04)
Part IICitizenshipArticles (05-11)
Part IIIFundamental RightsArticles (12-35)
Part IVDirective Principle of State PolicyArticles (36-51)
Part IVAFundamental DutiesArticle 51A
Part VUnion
Chapter I – The ExecutiveArticles (52-78)
Chapter II – ParliamentArticles (79-122)
Chapter III – Legislative Powers of PresidentArticle 123
Chapter IV – The Union JudiciaryArticle (124-147)
Chapter V – Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG)Article (148-151)
Part VIStates
Chapter I – DefinitionArticle 152
Chapter II – The ExecutiveArticle (153-167)
Chapter III – State LegislatureArticle (168-212)
Chapter IV – Legislative Powers of GovernorArticle 213
Chapter V – High Courts in statesArticles (214-231)
Chapter VI – Subordinate CourtsArticles (233- 237)
Part VIIStates in Part B of 1st scheduleArticle 238
Part VIIIUnion TerritoriesArticles (239-242)
Part IXPanchayatsArticles (243- 43O)
Part IXAMunicipalitiesArticles (243P- 43ZG)
Part IXBCo-Operative SocietiesArticles (243ZH-243ZT)
Part XScheduled and Tribal AreasArticles (244-244A)
Part XIRelation Between Union and States
Chapter I – Legislative RelationsArticles (245-255)
Chapter II – administrative RelationsArticles (256-263)
Part XIIFinance, Property, Contracts, Suits
Chapter I – FinanceArticles (264-291)
Chapter II – BorrowingArticles (292-293)
Chapter III – Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities, suitsArticles (294-300)
Chapter IV – Right to PropertyArticle 300A
Part XIIITrade, Commerce and Intercourse within IndiaArticles (301-307)
Part XIVServices under the Union and States
Chapter I – ServicesArticles (308-314)
Chapter II – Pubic Service commissionsArticles (315-323)
Part XIVATribunalsArticles (324A-324B)
Part XVElectionsArticles (324-329)
Part XVISpecial Provisions relating to certain classesArticles (300-342)
Part XVIIOfficial Languages
Chapter I – Language of UnionArticles (343-344)
Chapter II – Regional LanguagesArticles (345-347 )
Chapter III – Language of Supreme Court, High Courts etcArticles (348-349)
Chapter IV – Special Directives Articles (350-351 )
Part XVIIIEmergency Provisions Articles (352-360)
Part XIXMiscellaneous Articles (361-367)
Part XXAmendment of Constitution Article 368
Part XXITemporary, Transitional and Special Provisions Articles (369-392)
 Part XXIIShort Title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and RepealsArticles (393-395)

List of Schedules of the Indian Constitutions

SchedulesSubject Matter
1st Schedulea) The states
b) The Union Territories
2nd SchedulePart A : Provisions to the President and Governors of States
Part B: Repealed
Part C: Provisions to Speaker, Dy Speaker, Chairman and Dy Chairman of Rajya Sabha and States -Speaker, Dy Speaker, Chairman and Dy Chairman
Part D: Provisions to Judges of the Supreme Court and of High Courts
Part E: Provisions as to the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India (CAG)
3rd ScheduleForms of Oaths or Affirmations
4th ScheduleAllocation of seats in the Council of States i e., seats in Rajya Sabha
5th ScheduleProvisions to Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes
Part A: General
Part B: Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Tribes.
Part C:  Scheduled Areas
Part D: Amendments of Schedule
6th ScheduleProvisions to Administration of Tribal Areas in States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram
7th ScheduleDivision of Powers
List I: Union List
List II: State List
List III: Concurrent List
8th ScheduleLanguages ( Recognized languages: 22 )
9th Schedule Validation of Acts and Regulations of State legislatures dealing with land reforms
10th ScheduleProvisions relating to disqualification on ground of defection (Mp’s and MLA’s)
12th Schedule Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats
13th SchedulePowers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities

Indian Polity Notes for Competitive Exams

LinksTopics
Link 01Making of Indian Constitution – Part 1
Link 02Making of Indian Constitution – Part 2
Link 03Criticism of Indian Constitution
Link 04Indian constitution articles 01-11
Link 05Constitutional fundamental rights in India
Link 06Directive Principles of state policies
Link 07Fundamental duties in Indian Constitution
Link 08Constitution of India Union Executives
Link 09Constitution of India Union Legislature
Link 10Constitution of India state Executives and Legislature
Link 11Supreme Court and High Court in Indian Constitution
Link 12Center and State relationship
Link 13Center and State Financial relations
Link 14Local Government and Panchayat Raj System
Link 15Statuary, Constitutional and extra Constitutional bodies
Link 16Amendment procedure of Indian constitution

Total Amendments in Indian constitution

First Amendment Act 1952

a) Amendment of article 15, 19, 85, 87, 174, 176, 341, 342, 372 and 376
b) Insert of articles 31A and 31B
c) Insert of schedule 9 in Constitution

Important Provisions

i) Empowered states to make special provisions for social and economical backward classes 
ii) Added 9th Schedule to protect land reforms and other laws from the judicial review 

Second Amendment Act 1952

a) Amendment of Article 81(1)(b)

Important Provisions

i) Removed upper limit representation in Lok shaba i e., “not less than one member for every 750,000 of the population” as omitted

Third Amendment Act 1954

a) Amendment of 7th schedule

Important Provisions

i) Empowered Parliament to control in Trade and commerce, production, supply and distribution of foodstuffs, edible oil,  seeds and oils, cattle fodder, oil cakes, raw cotton (ginned or unginned), cotton seeds; and raw jute in the public interest

Fourth Amendment Act 1955

a) Amendment of Article 31(2), 31A, 35 (b) and 305
b) Amendment of 9th schedule

Important Provisions

i) Restrictions on property rights given in lieu of compulsory acquisition of private property beyond the scrutiny of courts
ii) Some Acts were included in Schedule 9 of the constitution
a) The Bihar Displaced Persons Rehabilitation (Acquisition of Land) Act, 1950
b) The United Provinces Land Acquisition (Rehabilitation of Refugees) Act, 1948
c) The Resettlement of Displaced Persons (Land Acquisition) Act, 1948
d) Insurance (Amendment) Act, 1950
e) The Railway Companies (Emergency Provisions) Act, 1951
f) Industries (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, 1953
g) West Bengal Act XXIX of 1951

Fifth Amendment Act 1955

a) Amendment of Article 3 

Important Provisions

Empowered President of India to fix time limit for State legislature to express their views about Central laws relating to the Bill which affects the area, boundaries or name of any of the States specified in Part A or Part B of the 1st Schedule i e., formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States

Sixth Amendment Act 1956

a) Amendment of Articles  269 and 286.
b) Amendment of 7th schedule

Important Provisions

i) Included new subject entry 92 in Union List- 92A. Taxes on the sale or purchase of goods other than newspapers in the course of inter-State trade and commerce
ii) In the State List, for Subject entry 54- Taxes on the sale or purchase of goods other than newspapers, subject to the provisions of entry 92A of List I
By above amendment, Parliament restricted State’s powers in taxes(inter-State trade and commerce)

Seventh Amendment Act 1956

a) Amendment of Articles 1, 3, 49, 80, 81, 82, 131, 153, 158, 168, 170, 171, 216, 217, 220, 222, 224, 230, 231 and 232.
b) Articles Inserted 258A, 290A, 298, 350A, 350B, 371, 372A and 378A.
c) Amendment of  8th Part: Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within India
d) Amendment of 1st, 2nd, 4th and 7th schedules

Important Provisions

i) Abolished Classification of States by Categories i e.,Part A, Part B, Part C and Part D states. Reorganization of states on linguistic basis and made 14 states and 6 Union territories
ii) Extension of jurisdiction of High Courts to Union territories
iii) Establishment of a common High Court for two or more States
iv) Empowered President to make regulations for Union territories- Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands

Eighth Amendment Act 1960

a) Amendment of Articles 334

Important Provisions

Extended reservation of seats for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled tribes and Anglo Indians in Lok Sabha and State Legislature for 10 yrs (Upto 1970). i e., In Article 334 of the Constitution, for the words “ten years”; the words “twenty years” as substituted

Ninth Amendment Act 1960

a) Amendment of 1st Schedule 

Important Provisions 

As Agreements between India and Pakistan in 1958, 1959 and 1960 regarding boundary disputes, certain territories are to be transferred to Pakistan after demarcation. So Schedule One of Constitution is amendment 

Tenth Amendment Act 1961

a) Amendment of Article 240
b) Amendment of 1st Schedule

Important Provisions 

Incorporated Dadra, Nagar and Haveli as a Union Territory in the Indian Union

Eleventh Amendment Act 1961

a) Amendment of Article 66 and 71

Important Provisions 

Changed election procedure of Vice-President by providing electoral college consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament and removed words of “members of both Houses of Parliament assembled at a joint meeting”

Twelfth Amendment Act 1961

a) Amendment of Article 240
b) Amendment of 1st Schedule

Important Provisions

Incorporation of Goa, Daman and Diu territories in Indian Union, which immediately before the 12th Dec,1961

Note: Total Amendments of Indian Constitution Updates soon

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