Group – 8 (G – 8)
The G – 8 is an inter – governmental political forum of the world’s major highly industrialized economies in countries that view themselves as democrats.
Established : 1975
G-8 Countries : Italy, Canada, Russia, USA, France, Japan, UK, Germany
43rd G – 7 Summit 2017 Place : Sicily (Italy), 26 – 27 May 2017,
Note : Russia was suspended from G – 8 Group.
44th G – 7 Summit 2018 : in Quebec (Canada).
Group – 20 (G – 20)
The G – 20 is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies. It was founded in 1999 with the aim of studying, reviewing and promoting high level discussion of policy issues pertaing to the promotion of international financial stability.
Established : 1999.
G- 20 Countries : India, Indonesia, Italy, Turkey, Japan, Argentina, Mexico, South Africa, USA, Russia, European Union, Brazil, UK, South Korea, Germany, Australia, Saudi Arabia, China, France, Canada.
For 2017 (12th)Host City : Hamburg (Germany).
Date : 7 – 8 July 2017.
For 2018 (13th)Host City : Buenos Aires (Argentina).
BRICS is an association of five major emerging national economies:
B – Brazil
R – Russia
I – India
C – China
S – South Africa
Established : 2010.
For 2016 :
Place : Benaulim, Goa, October 15 – 16,2016.
Theme : Building Responsive, Inclusive & Collective Solutions.
The next BRICS summits will be held in 2017 in China.
BRICS Countries : Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa.
9th BRICS Summit 2017 : 3 – 5 September 2017, in Xiamen (China).
The IBSA Dialogue Forum is an international tripartite grouping for promoting international cooperation among these countries.
Established : 2006.
IBSA Countries : India, Brazil, South Africa.
7th IBSA Summit 2017 : in New Delhi (India).
SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Co- operation)
The South Asian Association for Regional Co – operation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of nations in South Asia.
Established : 1985.
Head Office : Katmandu (Nepal).
Sec. General : Amjad Hussain B sial (Pakistan).
SAARC Countries : Maldives, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Nepal (MBBS PAIN).
19th SAARC Summit 2017 : SAARC summit held on February 1st & 2nd , 2017 in Kathmandu (Nepal).
20th SAARC Summit 2018 :
ASEAN (Association of South East
The ASEAN Summit is a semiannual meeting held by the member of the Association of South East Asian Nations in relation to economic and cultural development of South east asian countries.
Established : 1967.
Head Office : Jakarta (Indonesia).
Motto : One Vision, One Identity, OneCommunity.
Sec. General : Lee Luang Minh.
ASEAN Countries : Vietnam, Laos, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, Cambodia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines.
2016 ASEAN Summit (28th & 29th) : held in Vientiane & Laos from 6 – 8 September 2016
Theme :Turning Vision into Reality for a Dynamic ASEAN Community.
APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Co- operation)
APEC is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia – Pacific region.
Established : 1989.
Head Office : Singapore.
Members : 21.
24th APEC Summit 2016 : held in Lima (Peru country), 19 – 20 November 2016
Theme : Quality Growth and Human Development.
25th APEC Summit 2017 : will be held in Danang (Vietnam country), 11 – 12 November 2017
Theme : Creating New Dynamism, Fostering a Shared Future.
OPEC (Organization of the
Petroleum Exporting Countries)
The OPEC is an intergovernmental organization of 14 nations.
Established : 1960.
Head Office: Vienna (Austria).
Members : 14 Countries.
Sec. General : Mohammad Barkindo.
OPEC Countries : Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Venezuela, Angola, Iraq, Qatar, UAE, Ecuador.
2016 OPEC Summit : Held in Vienna (Austria), 30 November 2016.
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty
A NATO Summit is a meeting that is regarded as a periodic opportunity for heads of state and heads of government of NATO member countries to evaluate and provide strategic direction for Alliance activities.
Established : 1949.
Head Office : Brussels (Belgium).
Members : 29 countries.
Sec. General : Jens Stoltenberg.
2017 NATO Summit : Held in Brussels (Belgium), 25 May 2017.
2018 NATO Summit : will be held in Istanbul (Turkey).
ADB (Asian Development Bank)
The Asian Development Bank is a regional development bank established on 19 December1966, to promote social and economical development in Asia.
Established : 1966.
Head Office : Manila (Philippines).
Members : 67 countries.
Motto : Fighting poverty in Asia and the Pacific.
President : Takehiko Nakao.
50th ADB Summit 2017 : Held in Yokohama (Japan), 4 – 7 May 2017.
51st ADB Summit 2018 :
BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi Sectorial Technical & Economic Co- operation)
BIMSTEC is a International organization involving a group of countries in Sourth Asia and South East Asia.
Established : 6 June 1997.
Head Office : Dhaka (Bangladesh).
BIMSTEC Countries : Myanmar, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, India, Thailand (MBBS NIT)
5th BIMSTEC Summit 2017 : Held in Kathmandu (Nepal), 7 February 2017.
WEF (World Economic Forum)
The World Economic Forum is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva. Recognized by the Swiss authorites as an international body, its mission is cited as “committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas”.
Established : 1971.
Head Office : Cologne (Switzerland).
Motto : Committed to improving the state of the world.
Chairman : Klaus Schwab.
2017 WEF Meeting : Held in Davos – Klosters (Switzerland), 17 – 20 January 2017.
Nuclear Security Summit
The Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) is a world summit, aimed at preventing nuclear terrorism around the globe. The meeting will be held once in every two years.
Established : 2010.
Head Office :
4th Nuclear Security Summit 2016 : Held in Washington DC (USA), March 31 – April 1, 2016.
5th Nuclear Security Summit 2018 :
NAM (Non- Aligned Movement)
The Non – Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
The purpose of the organization has been enumerated as to ensure “the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non – aligned countries”.
Established : 1961.
Headquarters : Jakarta (Indonesia).
Members : 120.
Sec. General : Nicolas Maduro (Venezula).
For 2016 (17th) :NAM Summit held in Porlamar (Venezula) from 13–18 September 2016.
CHOGM (Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings)
The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings (CHOGM) is a biennial summit meeting of the heads of government from all Commonwealth nations. Every two years the meeting is held iin a different member state and is chaired by that nation’s respective Prime Minister or President who becomes the Commonwealth Chair – in – office until the next meeting.
Established : 1949.
25th CHOGM Summit 2018 : Will be held in UK,2018.
Indo- Africa Forum Summit
The India – Africa Forum Summit (IAFS) is the official platform for the African – Indian relations. IAFS will be held once in every three years.
Established : 2008.
4th India – Africa Forum Summit 2018 :
Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas
It is celebrated every year in India, from January 7 to9.
The day commemorates the return of Mahatma Gandhi from South Africa in Mumbai on 9 January 1915.
January 9 :- Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas or Non–Resident Indian Day
Established : 2003
For 2017 : Held in Bengaluru from January 7 to 9
Chief Guest : Dr. Antonio Costa, Prime Minister of Portugal.
Established : 1992.
Head Office : JRio de Janeiro (South Africa).
International Science CongressAssociation (ISCA)
ISCA is a premier scientific organization of India. Meeting held every year in the first week of January.
Established : 1914.
Headquarter : Kolkata.
104th Indian Science Congress 2017 : ISC (104TH) meeting held in Tirupati from January 3–7,2017
Theme : Science & Technology for National Development.
105th Indian Science Congress 2018 : 105th Indian Science Congress will be held in Osmania University (Hyderabad) January 3 – 7, 2018.
Earth Hour is a world wide movement for the planet organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature.
The event is held world wide annually encouraging Individuals, Communities, Households & Businesses to turn – off their non – essentials for one hour, from 8.30 to 9.30 pm.
The Earth Hour organized world wide, the last Saturday of March every year.
Since : 2007, in Sydney (Australia).
For 2017 : March 25th 2017 Saturday.
By Jillella Mahalaxmaiah ([email protected])