Detects Sulphur, Oxygen and other elements

Chandrayaan-3: India’s historic lunar mission reveals secrets of the Moon

Chandrayaan-3, India's 3rd lunar mission, achieved a historic milestone by successfully landing on the Moon's south pole, and it has started making groundbreaking discoveries now.


Launched on July 15, 2023, the lander module named Vikram landed on the lunar surface on August 23, 2023.

Vikram deployed the solar-powered rover module, Pragyan, capable of traveling up to 500 meters from the lander.

Our Pragyan rover's Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) instrument detected Sulphur near the landing site (Shiv Shakti Point).


For the first time, Sulphur has been detected on the Moon, which could aid in understanding the origin and evolution of the lunar crust.


The Pragyan rover also identified oxygen on the Moon, along with elements such as aluminum, calcium, iron, chromium, titanium, manganese, and silicon.

The presence of oxygen on Moon crust could also indicate the possibility of past or present lunar volcanism.

The mission is expected to last for at least one lunar day, which is 14 Earth days. During this time, our Pragyan rover will conduct further experiments and observations.

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