Gaganyaan, India’s first human space mission | Updates

Gaganyaan, India’s first human space mission, will launch in 2023

Gaganyaan Launch Updates: Dr Jitendra Singh, Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Science and Technology and Earth Sciences, said that India’s first human space mission, “Gaganyaan,” will launch in 2023.

In response to a question in the Rajya Sabha today, the Minister stated that with this launch, India would become the fourth country in the world to launch a human spaceflight mission, following the United States of America, Russia, and China.

Jitendra Singh stated that the primary missions, namely the test vehicle flight to validate the Crew Escape System’s performance and the Gaganyaan (G1)’s uncrewed mission, are scheduled for the beginning of the second half of 2022. The second uncrewed Gaganyaan mission will launch at the end of 2022, carrying “Vyommitra,” an ISRO-developed spacefaring human robot, while the first crewed Gaganyaanmission will launch in 2023.

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Referring to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s 2018 Independence Day address, in which he stated that an Indian astronaut, whether male or female, would embark on a space odyssey by 2022 crew onboard ‘Gaganyaan,’.

Dr Jitendra Singh stated that the program was slightly delayed due to COVID restrictions, but preparations are now underway to complete the mission by 2023. 

Gaganyaan program’s objective is to demonstrate the capacity of sending humans to low earth orbit (LEO) onboard an Indian Launch Vehicle and safely returning them to earth.

He said that this was made possible because, for the first time in 70 years, the sector has been opened up to private investment, allowing India to become a competitive space market player.

The Minister stated that this is ISRO’s most ambitious space program to date, and it would significantly promote the country’s science and technology growth, as well as inspire the youth and start-ups to take on greater challenges and increase the country’s prestige.

Status of Gaganyaan Mission

  • The astronaut training facility is currently being built in Bengaluru. As part of the Indian leg of training, basic aeromedical training and flying practice was completed.
  • Gaganyaan’s entire system design has been completed.
  • Ground qualification testing of human-rated launch vehicle propulsion stages has commenced and is proceeding smoothly.
  • Ground infrastructure setup and design have been finished, and any necessary modifications are being implemented.
  • The Memorandums of Understanding (MoU), contracts, and implementation agreements (IA) with both national and international agencies are proceeding smoothly.
  • Deliverables under contracts with M/s Glavkosmos (Russian Space Agency) for a spacesuit, a crew seat, and a viewport have begun to receive.
  • Deliverables under various CNES (French Space Agency) IA work packages has also begun.
  • The creation of Microgravity experiments started, and the conceptual design for the experiments is under review.

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Source: PIB | Gaganyaan Launch Updates


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