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International Organization

list of International Organization for exams

List of International Organizations 

 

WTO (World Trade Organization)

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.

WTO has a goal to help producers of goods and services, exporters and importers.

Headquarters : Geneva
Established : 1 January 1995
Members : 164
Director : Roberto Azevedo (Brazil)

 

IMF (International Monetary Fund)

The International Monetary Fund is an international organization headquartered in Washington D C of  189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth and reduce poverty around the world

Head Office : Washington DC
Established : 7 July 1945
Members : 189
Director : Christine Lagarde (France)

 

FAO (Food & Agriculture Organization)

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger

Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy

World Food Day – October 16th

Headquarters : Rome (Italy)
Established : 16 October 1945
Motto : Let there be bread
Members : 197
Directo : Jose Graziano da Silva (Brazil)

 

IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development)

The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is an international financial institution and a specialized agency of the United Nations dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of developing countries

Headquarters : Rome (Italy)
Established : 1977
Director : Gilbert Houngbo (PM of Togo)

 

WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization)

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 17 specialized agencies of the United Nations “ to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world.

Headquarters : Geneva
Established : 14 July 1967
Members : 189
Director : Francis Gurry (Australia)

 

UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific & Cultural Organization)

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris, France.
Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter

Headquarters : Paris (France)
Established : 16 November 1945
Members : 195
Director : Irina Bokova (Bulgaria)

 

OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation & Development)

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental economic organization with 35 member nations, founded in 1960 to stimulate economic progress and world trade

Headquarters : Paris (France)
Established : 1960
Members : 35
Sec. General : Jose Angel Gurria (Mexico)

 

UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme)

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing eniviromentally sound policies and practices

World Environment Day – June 5th

Headquarters : Nairobi (Kenya)
Established : 5 June 1972
Director : Erik Solheim (Norway)

 

OPCW (Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons)

The Orgnization for the Prohibition of Chemcal Weapons (OPCW) is an intergovernmental organization
The organization promotes and verifies the adherence to the Chemical Weapons Convention which prohibits the use of chemical weapons and requires their destruction.

The verification consists both of evaluation of declaration by member states and on – site inspections

The OPCW has won Nobel Peace Prize in 2013

Head Office : The Hague (Netherlands)
Established : 29 April 1997
Members : 192
CEO : Ahmet Uzumcu (Turkey)

 

European Union (EU)

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe
European Union policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, googs, services and capital within the internal market

Headquarters : Brussels (Belgium)
Established : 1999
Since : 2002
Members : 28
President : Antonio Tajani (Italy)

 

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons

Headquarters : Vienna (Austria)
Established : 29 July 1957
Members : 168
Director : Yukiya Amano (Japan)

UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization)

The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is a specialized agency in the United Nations system, headquartered in Vienna, Austria

The organization’s primary objective is the promotion and acceleration of industrial development in developing countries and countries with economies in transition and the promotion of international industrial cooperation

Headquarters : Vienna (Austria)
Established : 1966
Director : Li Yoong (China)

African Union (AU)

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent

Headquarters : Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
Established : 9 July 2002
Motto : A United and Strong Africa
Members : 55
President : Roger Nkodo Dang

 

ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross)

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution “to protecting victims of international and internal armed conflicts. Such victims include war wounded, prisoners, refugees, civilians and other non – combatants

The ICRC has won three Nobel Peace Prizes in 1917, 1944 and 1963

Headquarters : Geneva (Switzerland)
Established : 17 February 1863
Founder : Henry Dunant (Switzerland)
President : Peter Maurer (Switzerland)

 

Asian Development Bank

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank, “to promote social and economic development in Asia

Headquarters : Manila (Philippines)
Established : 19 December 1966
Motto : Fighting poverty in Asia and the Pacific
Members : 67
President : Takehiko Nakao (Japan)

 

New Development Bank (NDB)

The New Development Bank (BRICS Development Bank) is a multilateral development bank “the bank shall support public or private projects through loans, guarantees, equity participation and other financial instruments

BRICS Countries

B – Brazil

R – Russia

I – India

C – China

S – South Africa

Established : July 2015
Headquarters : Shanghai (China)
Members : 5
President : K V Kamath (India)

 

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