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Reforms of Salarjung I | Study Guide | MCQ Bit Bank

Salarjung Reforms Telangana History 1853 to 1883

Telangana History
Reforms of Salarjung Study Guide For Competitive Exams

 

Salarjung Reforms Telangana History 1853 to 1883

1) The founder of Hyderabad State was Nizam-ul-Mulk, ruled Asafjahi dynasty form 1748 A.D., and continued under them upto 1948 A.D.

 

2) Police Action by Indian Government on Nizam Government during the period of Mir Osman Ali Khan (1911 – 1948)A.D, surrendered and Hyderabad City was taken over and merged into Indian Union on 17th Sept, 1948 .

 

3) Siraj-ul-Mulk was the prime minister to Nazir-ud-Doula ( 1829 – 1857 ) A.D.

 

4) Siraj-ul-Mulk died in 1853 A.D and Salarjung was appointed the Prime Minister because of the intervention of the British.

 

5) Period of Salarjung I was considered as most important in the history of Hyderabad State. He was an architect of modern Hyderabad, 


6)  Sir Salarjung I served as Talukdar of Medak District before prime minister post

 

7) Sir Salarjung I original name was Mir Turab Ali Khan popularly known by Salarjung 1829-1883.

 

8) Sir Salarjung continued as Diwan till 1883 A.D, serving under the rulers are Nasir-ud-Doula ( 1829-1857), Afzal-ud-Doula ( 1857-1869), Mir Mahaboob Ali Khan (1869 – 1911) A.D.

 

9) In 1853 A.D., the Nizam surrendered his 3 rich districts Berar, Raichur, Darashiv to the British under the treaty of Berar

 

10) British supported Salarjung fpr two reasons.The first, In 1857 revolt crisis period, Sir salarjung and Nizam helped British in suppressing that revolt in the state. Second reason was the modernization of Hyderabad state ultimately suited to the colonial interests 

 

11) During period of Salarjung the land under the control of the Hyderabad state was 82,698 sq. miles and population according to 1881 census were 98,45,594 people.

 

12) The kingdom of Hyderabad state was a union of three regions. Those were

i) Marathwada region

ii) Telangana region

iii) Karnataka region

for administration convenience it was divided into Subhas or Provinces, Sarkars or districts, Mahals or sub-districts.

 

13) During first Nizam Nizam-ul-Mulk period, there was six subhas – Aurangabad, Berar, bijapur, Bidar, Hyderabad and khandesh

 

14) In the year 1867 Sir Salarjung divided the Hyderabad state into five divisions. Those were

i) North western division with Aurangabad as Headquarters

ii) Western division with Headquarters as Bidar

iii) Southern division with Headquarters as Gulbarga

iv) North division with the Headquarters as Patancheruvu

v) East division with the Bhuvanagiri

 

15) In 1855 Salarjung appointed paid talukdars or Collectors over the district administration by replacing tax farming system.

 

16) In 1865 ‘Zilabandi’ was introduced, Under this, the state divided into Fourteen districts. Those were

i) Aurangabad

ii) parbhani

iii) Nanded

iv) Indur ( Nizambad)

v) Bhir

vi) Bidar

vii) Medak or Methuku Seema

viii) Elagandula ( Karimnagar)

ix) Naldurg

x) Sholapur

xi) East Raichur

xii) West Raichur

xiii) Warangalá

xiv) Nalgonda

By 1880 two more districts were added 

xv) Nagarkurnool

xvi) Gulbarga

 

17) Talukdar or collector was the head of the district with subordinate staff responsible for all the matters relating to the districts such as the income and expenditure of the government, collection of revenue, export and import taxes,solving some civil and criminal disputes.

 

18) Salarjung divided the districts into 74 Taluks in his Diwani region. By 1880-1881 these increased to 107 taluks.

S.noDistrictsTaluks
1.Aurangabad8
2.Bhir7
3.Parbhani6
4.Bidar5
5.Nanded8
6.Naldurg7
7.Raichur5
8.Lingasagoor4
9.Sholapur4
10.Gulbarga6
11.Indur9
12.Medak5
13.Elegandula7
14.Khammam9
15.Nalagonda5
16.Nagarkurnool8
17.Sirpur tandur3
18.Altaf1
19.Balda1

 

19) By 1880 – 1881, the departments were increased to 14. Those were

i) Judiciary

ii) Revenue

iii) Police

iv) Public works

v) Education

vi) Health

vii) Municipal Corporation

viii) Army

ix) Finance

x) Postal

xi) Railway and Telegraph

xii) Nizam sarf-i-Khas land department

xiii) Political affairs

xiv) Judicial and Legislative acts department

 

20) In 1868 the whole administration brought under the control of 4 departmental ministers. They were called as ‘Sardar-ul-Mahams’. They were.

i) Revenue : headed by Nawab Mukaram-ud-Doula Bahadur

ii) Judiciary, Jails : Bhasheer-ud-Doula

iii) Police : Shamsher Jung Bahadur

iv) Public works, Educational & health etc., by Shahebjung Bahadur.

 

21) Along with stated ministers, the Deputy prime minister ” Ashja-ud-Daula” Munirjung Bahadur given key role

 

22) After Salarjung became the prime minister he established Judiciary of 3 types.They were

i) Adalat-e-Padushahi formed in 1853

ii) A judicial institution for disputes between the Nizam’s soldiers and the Sikh soldiers, established in 1855.

iii) New Judicial institution for civil disputes  established in 1860, initiated by an official named Govind Rao

 

23) Salarjung started Sadar-ul-Miham Adalat in 1869 for the Judicial matters in the Diwani region. First law Minister appointed was Nawab Basheer-ud-Daula Bahadur.

 

24) Diwan Salarjung made key changes to the Judiciary in 1872 A.D. The Court of Appeal was established with the name of ‘ Mahakama-e-Ajila’, consisting of residing Officer and four Members. This Court was described as the ‘Appellate court of judicature ‘.

 

25) In the Civil Judicial administration of the Hyderabad state, ” Majlis- Aliya Adalat” or High Court was the key Judicial Court.

 

26) The administration of city was taken by Kotwal or Police Commissioner.

 

27) Police Constables required for each district were also appointed, Along with them the police personnel known as ‘ Sovers ‘ were also appointed.

 

28) Each Superintendent of police and inspector of police had assistant called as ‘ Gumasthas’.

 

29) Nawab Shamsher jung Bahadur was the first police minister.

 

30) The city police administration was carried under the leadership of a police officer called kotwal or city Police Commissioner

 

31) Salarjung recognized the military of the Nizam kingdom. Kalandhar- bardhars submitted to the Diwan the representations and appointments of the temporary soldiers.

 

32) In 1875, the government established the ” Daftar-e-Najam Jamiyat” (the Military Office). In 1869, the Mansaf office was established.

 

33) In 1875, the British Government at the central established an Inam Office with Inam Commissioner as its head.

 

34) Salarjung introduced ‘ Zilabandi’ system in 1865.

 

35) The ‘ Survey and Settlement Department’ was established to survey lands, fix boundaries and to decide the type of lands.

 

36) A state monopoly in minting was established with the introduction of a uniform system of coinage based on the ‘Halisicca Rupee’.

 

37) The Nizam given the Berar valley having income of 30,60,309, Balghat having income of 5,48,601, the western districts having income of 2,29,588 and Raichur district having income of 1,53,342 to the British because of the 1853 Agreement.

 

38) Nizam and salarjung helped the British at the time of the 1857 Indian Sepoy Revolt, controlled the attack on the Hyderabad Residency and imprisoned the rebels Turrebaz khan and Moulvi Allauddin.

 

39) Raja venkatappaiah Naik of Sholapur revolted in1857 A.D Indian sepoy Mutiny against the British, Salarjung and Nizam arrested him and surrendered him to the British.

 

40) In 1871, coal mines in Singareni region were found. The British took efforts to introduce transport facilities to the coal mines.

 

41) In the 1867 A.D., Salarjung started a new forest department under a special officer called Superintendent of forest.

 

42) In 1861 A.D., the stamp paper office was brought under the control of “Munshikhana”

 

43) Salarjung, established the first western educational institution ie., Darul Ulum School in Hyderabad city in 1855 A.D.

 

44) The Chadarghat High school and City High school were established in 1870 and 1872 respectively.

 

45) A school of Civil engineering was established in 1870 A.D,  later the Civil Engineering name changed as Nizam college.

 

46) Madarasa-e-Aliya was established in 1873A.D., for the children of Salarjung and nobles, Madarasa-e-Aizza was opened in 1878 A.D for the children of Royal family.

 

47) The top officials of the Nizam, Vicar-ul-Mulk and Mohsin-ul-Mulk made efforts for the improvements of the Aligarah University.

 

48) During Salarjung, 162 schools were established throughout the Nizam Kingdom. Among them 105 Persian schools, 34 Maharashtraian schools, 4 English schools and 19 Telugu medium schools.

 

49) Some of important officials Syed Hussaini, Syed Bilgrami, Mahib Hussian, Syed Mehdi Ali and Mohin-ul-mulk 

 

50) The famous educationist, Aghoranath Chatropadhyay, He was an Bengali and Father of Sarojini Naidu.

 

51) The grandson of ‘Mirza Galib’ was the famous Urdu poet, Mirza Asha Baig invited to Hyderabad to give education for prince Mahaboob Ali Khan.

 

52) Salarjung was appointed in 1853 A.D.,at a time when Nizam kingdom was in financial crisis and had archaic administration.

 

53) Salarjung was honored to the title of knight Commander of Star of India ( KCSI ) by the Queen

 

54) February 8th, 1883 A.D., Salarjung died with Cholera at the age of 58 years

 

55) The university of Oxford honored him with the title ” Doctor of Civil Law”.


56) Abdul Waheeb Khan stated in his writings as ” salarjung was one of the best statesmen 19th century of Hyderabad”.


57) william Diggbe opined, reforms measures of Salarjung led to renaissance of Modern Hyderabad

 

 

Mock Test | Bit Bank MCQ Salarjung I Reforms 

 

1) The Hyderabad State was founded by the _________________ Azafjahi in the year 1748 ?

a) Nizam-ul-Mulk

b) Mir Osman Ali Khan

c) Siraj-ul-Mulk

d) None of the Above

a) Nizam-ul-Mulk

 

2) Who was the prime minister to Nazir-ud-Doula (1829 – 1857) ?

a) Mir Osman Ali Khan

b) Siraj-ul-Mulk

c) Salarjung

d) Mir Turab Ali Khan

b) Siraj-ul-Mulk

 

3) Who was appointed after Siraj-ul-Mulk as Prime Minister after his death in 1853 A.D ?

a) Mir Turab Ali Khan

b) Mir Osman Ali Khan

c) Salarjung

d) None of the Above

c) Salarjung

 

4) Salarjung I was considered as most important in the history of __________ State ?

a) Hyderabad

b) Karnataka

c) Mysore

d) Punjab

a) Hyderabad

 

5) Salarjung was served as Talukdar of _________ District of Telangana ?

a) Khammam

b) Medak

c) Warangal

d) Nalagonda

b) Medak

 

6) Sir Salarjung I original name was ______________ ?

a) Mir Turab Ali Khan

b) Mir Osman Ali Khan

c) Siraj-ul-Mulk

d) None of the Above

a) Mir Turab Ali Khan

 

7) In year Nizam surrendered 3 rich districts i.e., Berar, Raichur, Darashiv to the British ?

a) 1843

b) 1855

c) 1859

d) 1853

d) 1853

 

8) During 1st Nizam Nizam-ul-Mulk Asafjah period, there was __________ subhas ?

a) Five

b) Seven

c) six

d) Ten

c) six

 

9) In which year Salarjung divided the Hyderabad state into five division ?

a) 1857 A.D

b) 1862 A.D

c) 1867 A.D

d) 1865 A.D

c) 1867 A.D

 

10) In 1865 A.D ‘Zilabandi’ was introduced, Under this, the state divided into ___________ districts ?

a) 14

b) 19

c) 10

d) 11

a) 14

 

11) Salarjung divided the districts into 74 Taluks in the _________________ region ?

a) Carnatic region 

b) Diwani

c) Mysore

d) None of the Above

b) Diwani

 

12) Who was the Deputy prime minister “Ashja-ud-Daula” ________________ During Salarjung period?

a) Amir kkhan

b) Salarjungá

c) Munirjung Bahadur

d) None of the Above

c) Munirjung Bahadur

 

13) After Salarjung established Judiciary which is Adalat-e-Padushahi formed in _____________ A.D?

a) 1813

b) 1823

c) 1843

d) 1853

d) 1853

 

14) An Official, Govind Rao established new Judicial institution to decide civil disputes in 1860 A.D in the _____________areas ?

a) Berar

b) Bajwar

c) Ilake Peshkar

d) None of the Above

c) Ilake Peshkar

 

15) Diwan Salarjung mademajor changes to the Judiciary in 1872 A.D., the Court of Appeal was established with the name of ______________ ?

a) Majlis- Aliya Adala

b) Mahakama-e-Ajila

c) Daftar-e-Najam Jamiyat

d) None of the Above

b) Mahakama-e-Ajila

 

16) The city police administration was carried under the leadership of a police officer called ____________ ?

a) City Police Commissioner

b) Kotwal

c) Both (a) and (b)

d) None of the Above

c) Both (a) and (b)

 

17) Who was the first police minister in 18th Century ?

a) Sadar-ul-Miham Adalat

b) Nawab Shamsher jung Bahadur

c) Govind Rao

d) None of the Above

b) Nawab Shamsher jung Bahadur

 

18) In Hyderabad state the Civil Judicial administration, ______________ was the key Judicial Court ?

a) Mahakama-e-Ajila

b) Majlis- Aziya Adalat

c) Majlis- Aliya Adalat

d) None of the Above

c) Majlis- Aliya Adalat

 

19) The government estabilished the ” Daftar-e-Najam Jamiyat”(the Military Office) in ____________ A.D ?

a) 1832 A.D

b) 1855 A.D

c) 1875 A.D

d) 1810 A.D

c) 1875 A.D

 

20) Minting was established with the introduction of a uniform system of coinage based on the ______________ ?

a) Indian Rupee  

b) Halisicca rupee

c) British Pound

d) None of the Above

b) Halisicca rupee

 

21) Raja venkatappaiah Naik of Sholapurá revolted during ______________A.D Indian sepoy Mutiny against the British ?

a) 1827 A.D

b) 1857 A.D

c) 1837 A.D

d) 1844 A.D

b) 1857 A.D

 

22) In 1871, an important event took place, which was the finding of the coal in ____________ region ?

a) Carnatic

b) Singareni

c) Belgar

d) None of the Above

b) Singareni

 

23) alarjung established the first western educational institution called as ________ School in Hyderabad City in 1855 A.D. ?

a) Civil Engneeringá

b) Chadarghat

c) Darul Ulum

d) None of the Above

c) Darul Ulum

 

24) The Chadarghat High school and City High school were established in ____________ A.D ?

a) (1873 – 1875)

b) (1870 – 1872)

c) (1855 – 1862)

d) (1870 – 1877)

b) (1870 – 1872)

 

25) The Top officials of the Nizam, Vicar-ul-Mulk and mohsin-ul-Mulk made efforts for the improvements of the __________ University ?

a) Chatisgarh

b) Hyderabad

c) Aligarah

d) None of the Above

c) Aligarah

 

26) Who was the famous educationist _________________ in 18th Century ?

a) Mahakama-e-Ajila

b) Aghoranath Chatropadhyay

c) Waheeb

d) None of the Above

b) Aghoranath Chatropadhyay

 

27) Salarjung was honored by title _____________ of Star of India (KCSI) ?

a) Mahadev

b) knight Commander

c) Knight

d) None of the Above

b) knight Commander

 

28) The university of Oxford honored him with the title __________________ ?

a) Doctor of Civil Law

b) knight Commander

c) Modern Youth

d) None of the Above

a) Doctor of Civil Law

 

29) During Salarjung, ______________ schools were established throughout the Nizam Kingdom ?

a) 32 Schools

b) 162 Schools

c) 45 Schools

d) 101 Schools

b) 162 Schools

 

30) In 1861 A.D., the stamp paper office was brought under the control of ________________ ?

a) Turrebaz khan

b) Madarasa-e-Aliya

c) Munshikhana

d) None of the Above

c) Munshikhana

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