Daily Current Affairs 15 July 2021 for Banking, SSC, UPSC and Railways
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Today Current Affairs 15 July 2021
1) Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate several railway projects in Gujarat through video conferencing on 16 July 2016.
- The redeveloped Gandhinagar Capital Railway station, the gauge converted cum electrified Mahesana – Varetha line, and the electrified Surendranagar – Pipavav stretch are among the railway development projects.
- At the same event, Narendra Modi will unveil the Aquatics and Robotics Gallery and the Nature Park in Gujarat Science City.
Fdaytalk Study Notes
Redevelopment of Gandhinagar Capital Railway Station
At Rs 71 crore, the Gandhinagar Capital Railway station has been upgraded. The Station has been outfitted with world-class amenities that are comparable to those seen in modern airports. A unique ticket booking counter, ramps, elevators, a dedicated parking area, and other features have been added to make it a Divyang friendly station. The entire structure is built and equipped with green building features.
Mahesana – Varetha gauge converted to cum electrified broad gauge line
The 55-kilometre Mahesana-Varetha Gauge conversion was completed for Rs 293 crores, along with the electrification construction for Rs 74 crores.
2) Prime Minister Narendra Modi had a telephonic conversion with the President of the Maldives, Ibrahim Mohamed Solih. Both leaders reviewed the progress of the India-supported development projects in the Maldives.
- Ibrahim Mohammed Solih thanked Narendra Modi for the support and collaboration of India in combating the Covid pandemic.
- Narendra Modi noted that Maldives is a central pillar in India’s ‘Neighbourhood First ’policy and its maritime vision of Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR).
- Narendra Modi congratulated President Solih on the election of Foreign Minister Abdulla Shahid as President of the United Nations General Assembly.
- Maldives Foreign Minister Abdulla Shahid was elected as President of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly with 143 votes out of the 191 ballots cast.
3) The Union Cabinet approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of India and the Ministry of Health of Denmark on Cooperation in the field of Health and Medicine.
- The MoU will encourage cooperation between India and Denmark through joint initiatives and technology development in the health sector.
- This will facilitate improving the public health status of the people of both countries.
4) Facts about Denmark
- Denmark is a Nordic country in Northern Europe, officially known as the Kingdom of Denmark.
- Denmark’s Constitution was signed on June 5, 1849, bringing an end to the absolute monarchy that had begun in 1660.
- Capital: Copenhagen
- Currency: Danish krone
- Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
- Monarch: Margrethe II
- Prime Minister: Mette Frederiksen
- Legislature: Folketing
5) The Union Cabinet has approved an MoU on cooperation in the field of coking coal, which is used in steelmaking, between the Russian Ministry of Energy and the Ministry of Steel of India.
- The MoU’s objective is to strengthen cooperation between India and Russia in the steel sector. The activities involved in the cooperation are aimed at diversifying sources of coking coal.
- The MoU will provide an institutional mechanism for India and Russia to cooperate in the coking coal sector.
6) Facts about Russia
- Russia is the largest country in the world, covering over 17 million square kilometres
- Russia’s economy is the world’s eleventh-largest by nominal GDP and the sixth-largest by PPP.
- Capital: Moscow
- Currency: Russian Ruble
- Government: Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic
- President: Vladimir Putin
- Prime Minister: Mikhail Mishustin
- Legislature: Federal Assembly
- Upper house: Federation Council
- Lower house: State Duma
7) The Union Cabinet has approved a six-month extension of the term of the Commission established under Article 340 of the Constitution to examine the matter of sub-categorization within the OBCs in the Central List, from July 31, 2021, to January 31, 2022.
- After consulting with various stakeholders, the “Commission” will be able to submit a comprehensive report on the issue of OBC sub-categorization.
- The commission was constituted on October 11, 2017, headed by retired Delhi high court chief justice G Rohini.
8) The Union Cabinet has approved the extension of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for the Development of Infrastructure Facilities for the Judiciary for another five years.
- Extension of CSS from April 1, 2021, to March 31, 2026, at a cost of Rs.9000 crore, of which the Central share will be Rs.5357 crore.
- This proposal will help with the construction of 3800 court halls and 4000 residential units for judicial officers of District and Subordinate Courts (both new and ongoing projects), 1450 lawyer halls, 1450 toilet complexes, and 3800 digital computer rooms.
- The Cabinet also approved a decision to provide recurring and non-recurring grants to Gram Nyayalayas for a period of five years, with a total outlay of Rs 50 crore.
- Since 1993-94, the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for the Judiciary has been in operation.
- Though the State governments are responsible for the primary infrastructure development for the subordinate judiciary, the CSS augmented the State governments’ resources for the construction of court buildings and residential quarters for Judicial Officers (JO) in all States/UTs.
- The Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008 was enacted to establish Gram Nyayalayas for quick and easy access to the justice system in India’s rural areas.
9) The Union Cabinet approved an increase in the Dearness Allowance for Central Government employees and Dearness Relief for pensioners to 28%
- From the existing rate of 17% of the Basic Pay/Pension to 28%
- The rate of Dearness Allowance/Dearness Relief will remain at 17 per cent from January 1, 2020, to June 30, 2021.
10) The Union Cabinet approved a scheme to provide Rs.1624 crore in subsidies to Indian shipping companies in global tenders floated by ministries and CPSEs for the import of government cargo over a five-year period.
- The scheme is to promote merchant ship flagging in India by providing subsidy support to Indian shipping companies competing in global tenders floated by ministries and CPSEs.
11) The Union Cabinet has approved the continuation of the National AYUSH Mission (NAM) as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme from 1 April 2021 to 31 March 2026.
- Approved NAM as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with a budget of Rs. 4607.30 crore, which is Rs. 3,000 crore as Central Share and Rs. 1607.30 crore as State Share
- On September 15, 2014, the National AYUSH Mission was launched. The basic objective of NAM is to promote AYUSH medical systems through cost-effective AYUSH services, strengthening of educational systems, facilitate the enforcement of quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani & Homoeopathy (ASU &H) drugs and sustainable availability of ASU & H raw-materials.
12) The Union Cabinet approved changing the nomenclature and mandate of the North Eastern Institute of Folk Medicine (NEIFM) as the North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda & Folk Medicine Research (NEIAFMR).
- The proposal to change the nomenclature and mandate for providing quality Ayurveda and Folk Medicine education and research in Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh.
- The inclusion of Ayurveda as part of the Institute’s mandate will be extremely beneficial to the people of the North East in terms of providing high-quality education and research in Ayurveda and folk medicine.
- The NEIFM, Pasighat was established to conduct systemic research, documentation, and validation of the region’s traditional folk medicine and health practices.
- The Institute was established with the goals of serving as an apex research centre for all aspects of folk medicine, creating a bridge between traditional healers and scientific research, and surveying, documenting, and validating folk medicine practices, remedies, and therapies for possible use in public health care and future research.
Read More: Today Current Affairs 15 July 2021
13) The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved the implementation of a special livestock sector package consisting of several activities for the next five years, i.e, from 2021-22.
- This scheme aims to boost livestock sector growth by providing support worth Rs.9800 crore from the central government over a five-year period, leveraging a total investment worth Rs.54,618 crore.
14) The International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA) constituted an expert committee to develop and regulate financial products, financial services, and financial institutions in India’s International Financial Services Centres (IFSCs).
- In its effort to develop a Longevity Finance Hub in GIFT IFSC, IFSCA has formed an Expert Committee to recommend a strategy for the development of a Longevity Finance Hub and to provide a road map.
- The expert committee was co-chaired by Kaku Nakhate and Gopalan Srinivasan.
- President and Country Head (India), Bank of America: Kaku Nakhate
- Ex-CMD, New India Assurance Company Limited: Gopalan Srinivasan
15) Anurag Thakur, the Union Minister for Youth Affairs and Sports, launched the official cheer song titled “Hindustani Way” for the Indian delegation at the Tokyo Olympics.
- The song, titled ‘Hindustani Way’, was performed by singer Ananya Birla and composed by AR Rahman.
- Indian Olympic Association President: Narinder Batra
- IOA Secretary-General: Rajeev Mehta
- Director-General, Sports Authority of India: Sandip Pradhan
16) Scientists from the S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences have theoretically shown that there is an optimum size of the receptor clusters at which the E.coli cell shows the best-directed motion guided by a chemical signal received from its environment.
- For a long time, scientists have been intrigued by the mystery of how E. coli, a bacterial resident of the human intestine, moves towards or away from chemicals, a phenomenon known as chemotaxis.
- Chemotaxis occurs in E.coli bacteria in response to various chemicals found in the human gastrointestinal tract.
- E. coli is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of humans and animals.
17) National Plastic Surgery Day will now be celebrated as World Plastic Surgery Day.
- On July 15, National Plastic Surgery Day is observed to raise awareness of areas where plastic surgeons can make a significant contribution but are overlooked due to a lack of awareness.
- Dr S Raja Sabapathy, President of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India, first proposed the idea of National Plastic Surgery Day in 2011.
- APSI announced that the idea of observing July 15 as National Plastic Surgery Day in India has been adopted as World Plastic Surgery Day by leaders of top bodies in the speciality all over the world.
18) Piyush Goyal is appointed as Leader of the House in the Rajya Sabha.
- He succeeds Thaawarchand Gehlot, who was sworn in as the new Governor of Karnataka on 11 July 2021.
- Chairman of Rajya Sabha: Vice President of India
- Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha: Harivansh Narayan Singh
- Secretary-General of Rajya Sabha: Desh Deepak Verma
- Leader of the House, Rajya Sabha: Piyush Goyal
- Deputy Leader of the House, Rajya Sabha: Vacant
- Leader of the Opposition, Rajya Sabha: Mallikarjun Kharge
19) Suman Mishra is appointed as CEO of Mahindra Electric Mobility Ltd.
- She joined the Mahindra Group in 2015 as a Senior Vice President in the Group Strategy Office.