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United Nations Organisation Organs and Agencies

united nations agencies and their headquarters

United Nations Organisation Organs and Agencies

UNO, United Nations Organisation and United Nations Founders

The United nations organisation was established by the Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice which was signed on 26th June 1945 by 50 countries representatives.

In 5 October 1945, Poland singed into UN which made to total of 51 Founding Members in 1945.

By Ratification of charter by 5 permanent member of security i e., United states of America, United Kingdom, Russia, China and France, the charter act came into force on 24th Oct 1945

United Nations Headquarters : New York
Established : 26 June 1945
Since : 24 October 1945
Members : 193
Sec. General : Antonio Guterres (Portuguese) As on Feb 2019
United nations official website: http://www.un.org/

United Nations subsidiaries in United Nations Organisation are 

The General Assembly
The Security Council
The Economic & Social Council
International Court of Justice
Trusteeship Council
Secretariat

The General Assembly

General Assembly Headquarters : New York
Members : All
President : Peter Thomson

Meetings of General Assembly will be start every year of third Thursday of September

Security Council

Security Council Headquarters : New York
President : Elbio Rosselli
Five permanent and ten non- permanent members
Five permanent members = United states of America, Russia, United Kingdom, China and France

The Economic and Social Council

Economic and social Council Headquarters: New York
President : Frederick Musiiwa Makamure Shava

Trusteeship Council

Trusteeship Council Headquarters: New York

International Court of Justice

International Court of Justice Headquarters : The Hague (Netherlands)
President : Peter Tomka
Members : 15 Judges + 1 Chief Justice

Judges in International Court are 15 Judges with 9 years & Chief Justice for 3 years as term

Justice DalveerBhandari (India) also one of the member up to 2018

The Secretariat

The UN Secretariat Headquarters : New York
UNO official languages = 6
France, Arabic, Chinese, English, Russian, Spanish (FACE Rs)

UNICEF (United Nations International Emergency Fund)

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations programme headquarted in New York City that provides humanitarian and development assistance to the children and mothers in developing countries

UNICEF Headquarters: New York & Geneva
Established : 11 December 1946
Director : Anthony Lake (USA)

UNDP (United Nations Development Program)

UNDP, The United Nations Development Programme is the one of wing of  United Nations global development which advocates for change and developments. UNDP connects various countries for share  of knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life

UNDP Headquarters: New York
Established : 1965
Director : Achim Steiner (Brazil)

UN Women

The United Nations organisation of the main wing, UN Women, which for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.  This Organisation works for  empowerment of women all the world 

UN Women Headquarters: New York
Established : 2 July 2010
Director : Phumzile Mlambo Ngcuka (South Africa)

World Bank

The World Bank is International bank which provides loans to various countries of the world for capital programs and developments. World bank consists of 2 wings i e., the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA)

World Bank Headquarters : Washington DC, U S A
Established : July 1945
Motto of World: Working for a World Free of Poverty
Members : 189
President : Jim Yong Kim of South Korea  

ILO (International Labor Organization)

The International Labour Organization (ILO) of United Nations oarganization deals with labour problems. ILO looks after maintaining international standards, social protection and work opportunities for all in work places 

ILO Headquarters : Geneva (Switzerland)
Established : 1919
Members : 187
CEO : Guy Rider (UK)

UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is known as the UN Refugee Agency. Its prior duty is to refugees in various countries. It protect and supports refugees upon request of world agencies or governments. UNHCR employees works as voluntary to help refugees in different countries 

The UNHCR won 2 times Nobel Peace Prizes for their work, once in 1954 and again in 1981

UNHCR Headquarters : Geneva (Switzerland)
Established : 14 December 1950
Director : Filippo Grandi (Italy)

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