Constitution is Fundamental Law/Basic law, which contains the fundamentals of Governance like
Structure of Government
Powers of Government
Rights of Peoples
Relations between people and government
Constitution is known as Supreme law of the country, because it is source to all laws in the country.
Constitution is broadly Classified into four categories
Constitution is said to be written if all the aspects of administration are available in the form of written in a book or books.
American constitution is first written Constitution of World
1.American Constitution was written in between May 25 – September 17, 1787 during Philadelphia Convention
2. George Washington, first president of US(April 30, 1789 – March 4,1797)
3. Father of American Constitution, James Madison
Constitution is said to be Unwritten if almost all the aspects of administration are carried in the form of convention, practices and usages.
However they may be very few written items in unwritten constitution
Unwritten Constitution, England Constitution.
In Indian Constitution, Lok sabha Deputy speaker position is given to highest opposition party in Lok sabha. It’s Purely a convention( Not written in Constitution)
As on Nov 2017, M. Thambidurai is Deputy Speaker of Lok sabha.
Constitution are classified as flexible and rigid on the bases of procedures of amendments
If Constitution is amended with simple majority like ordinary law then that constitution is know as flexible.
England constitution is most flexible constitution
If Constitution is amended with special majority and special procedures then that constitution is known as Rigid.
Most Rigid Constitution – American constitution
Based on physical nature, Written and Unwritten are classified.
Based on procedure of amendment , Flexible and Rigid are classified
Indian Constitution, more rigid than flexible and rigid inbuilt flexible constitution
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First written Constitution of the world