Telangana Economy Socio-Economic Survey 2021-22 | Download Latest Telangana Economy PDF 2022
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At current prices (AE), the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Telangana in 2021-22 is Rs. 11.55 lakh crore. In 2021-22, Telangana’s GSDP at current prices went up by 19.1%.
At current prices (AE), the per capita income (PCI) in Telangana in 2021-22 is Rs. 2.8 lakh, which is Rs. 1.3 lakh is more than the per capita income for the whole country (SAE) (Rs. 1.5 lakh).
Based on the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of PCI at current prices for Telangana and India from 2014-15 to 2021-22, the average citizen in Telangana can expect his or her income to double in about 5 to 6 years, while the average citizen in the country as a whole would have to wait about 8 to 9 years.
The Gross Value Added (GVA) (at current prices) in Telangana’s Agriculture and Allied Sectors grew by 9.09% from 2020–21 to 2021–22. Since this sector employs 48.4% of the state’s population, its economic success is crucial to improving the standard of living in Telangana.
In 2020–21, the industry sector in Telangana saw a drop in GVA at current prices (the sector’s growth rate was -1.73%), but in 2021–22 (AE), the sector grew at a very high rate of 20.23%.
In 2021-22, the services sector’s GVA at current prices grew by an impressive 18.32%, compared to a growth of 0.9% in 2020-21. Between 2014–15 and 2021–22, except for 2020–21, the services sector has been a major reason for the state’s economic growth.
In 2017-20, Telangana’s own tax revenues as a proportion of GSDP were 7.4%, which was the highest of the 18 General States (India-GS) in the country.
The state’s own revenue made up, on average, 73.8% of its revenue receipts from 2017 to 20; this was higher than India GS, which was at 57.7%.
The revision in the market value of land and the revision in stamp duty rates in 2021-22 (July to December) caused the monthly revenue from stamps and registrations to double compared to the same time period in 2019-20.
Telangana’s share of development expenditure in total expenditure for the period 2017–20 is 77.4%. This is the highest share of development expenditure among India-GS, whose average share is 68.2%.
During the period from 2017 to 2020, committed expenditure, which includes salaries, wages, and interest payments, was 48.7% of revenue. This is slightly less than India GS’s average committed expenditure, which is 49.1% of revenue.
For the period from 2017 to 2020, the ratio of total outstanding liabilities to GSDP was 22.33 %, which is less than India’s GS, which was 27.73%.
The Gross Value Added (Current Prices) to the state economy by the agriculture, forestry, livestock, and fisheries sectors went from Rs.76,123crores in 2014-15 to Rs.189,826crores in 2021-22 (AE), which is a CAGR of 13.94%. During the same time period, the CAGR for the sector as a whole in India was 9.55%.
In 2021-22, the livestock sub-sector accounted for 49.73% of the overall sector, followed by crops at 44.66%, fishing and aquaculture at 3.23%, and forestry and logging at 2.38%.
In the allied sector, the number of animals in the state went from 26.7 million in 2012 to 32.6 million in 2019. This is an increase of 22.21%. Telangana ranks second among Indian states in terms of livestock population growth over the same time period, while West Bengal ranks first.
Under the Rythu Bandhu scheme, the state government gave 63 lakh farmers a total of 50,448 crores in 8 instalments (from Vanakalam 2018 to Yasangi 2021-22) to help them invest in agriculture (in Yasangi 2021-22). Under the Rythu Bima scheme, from 2018–2019, the government has paid out Rs. 3,763,80 Cr to 75,276 bereaved families to settle their claims.
From 2014-15 to 2020-21, the total gross irrigated area in Telangana grew by 119%. (62.48 lakh acres to 136.86 lakh acres).
Due to the various irrigation projects, the area that can be irrigated has grown to 85.89 lakh acres in 2020–21. Between 2015-16 and 2020-21, paddy production went up by a massive 378%, and cotton production went up by 61%, making Telangana a major state for paddy production.
In 2021-22, the sector contributed 20.40% of the state’s Gross Value Added (GSVA) at current prices and employed 18.23% of the working population in the state (2019-20).
Between 2020–21 and 2021–22, the industrial sector’s GVA increased by 20.23%.
From 2014–15 to 2021–22, the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) for gross value added at current prices was higher for 3 out of 4 sub-sectors within the industries. The CAGR for mining and quarrying in Telangana was about 1.5 times that of the whole country. The CAGR for manufacturing was about 1.4 times that of the whole country, and the CAGR for electricity and utilities was about 1.3 times that of the whole country.
According to the Periodic Labour Force Survey for 2019–20, “Manufacturing” and “Construction” are two of the most important subsectors that create jobs in the Telangana state, with 10.69% and 6.62 % of the total working population, respectively.
Till January 2022, the TS-iPASS has given approval for 3,185 projects, bringing in new investments worth Rs. 6,965 crores.
The Export Preparedness Index 2020, by NITI Aayog, put Telangana in second place among the land-locked states and sixth place overall.
Telangana was a power deficit state in 2014, but it is now a power surplus state with a contracted capacity of 16.6 GW by August 2021.
The services sector remains the major sector in Telangana’s economy, accounting for 61.33% of Gross State Value Added (GSVA) at current prices in 2021-22.
The Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of Gross Value Added (GVA) at current prices by the services sector in Telangana was 12.13% between 2014-15 and 2021-22. This was almost 2.3% points higher than the all-India average (9.53%).
About 33.2% of all workers in Telangana are in the services sector. More than one-third (37.75%) of all service sector employees work in the “trade, hotels, and restaurants” sub-sector.
In urban Telangana, the services sector employs a larger share of people (68.07%) than it does in urban India (61.48%). In rural Telangana, the services sector employs a smaller share of people (15.66%) than it does in rural India (18.47%).
Between 2014-15 and 2020-21, the rate of growth for IT exports from Telangana was 14.01% per year.
Telangana got two international awards for tourism in 2021: a) UNESCO declared Mulugu’s Ramappa Temple as a world heritage site.
b) Pochampally village in Yadadri-Bhuvanagiri district was awarded ‘Best Tourism Village‘ by United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO).
The government made the Telangana State Building Permission Approval and Self Certification System (TS-bPASS), which is a single-window system that speeds up the approval of building designs, to make it easier to build new buildings.
In 2020, the government launched Dharani Portal, for buying and selling agricultural land. In a year, more than 8 lakh transactions were made through the portal.
Telangana has a total road network of 1,07,871 km, of which 67,276 km are rural roads, 3,910 km are national highways; 9,013 km are GHMC roads, and the remaining 27,672 km are state highways and district roads.
As of December 1, 2021, there were 1,42,73,565 vehicles in Telangana. About 74.2% of these were two-wheelers, 13.2% were cars or taxis, 3.1% were auto-rickshaws, and 9.5% were other types of vehicles.
Telangana, along with Haryana and Goa, achieved 100% coverage of Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) in all rural habitations.
In Telangana, the installed power capacity increased by more than 80%, from 9,470 MW in 2014–15 to 17,218 MW in 2020–21.
In 2021, the state generated 3,806 MW of power from renewable sources, of which 3,489 MW were from solar energy, 128 MW from wind energy, 74 MW from bagasse cogeneration, 63 MW from waste to energy, 45 MW from biomass, and 7 MW from small hydropower units.
As of 2018-19, Telangana has the third lowest transmission losses of any state in India, at 14.85%, compared to the all-India average of 20.666%.
On NITIAayog’s Annual Health Index 2019–20, Telangana was the only one of the 19 larger states to show both strong overall performance and a clear improvement over the previous year. It ranked third in both categories.
In 2021, the government of Telangana announced plans to build 4 Telangana Institute of Medical Sciences & Research (TIMS) hospitals. These hospitals will be in Gachibowli, Sanath Nagar, Alwal, and Dilsukhnagar.
To improve medical education in the state, the government approved 8 new government medical colleges in Sangareddy, Mahabubabad, Mancherial, Wanaparthy, Kothagudem, Jagityal, Nagarkurnool, and Ramagundam. Together, these colleges can accept 1,200 MBBS students.
The government has set up 256 Basti Dawakhanas in urban slums to bring healthcare services closer to the urban poor. Basti Dawakhanas offers 53 different free health services, such as outpatient consultation, medicine, basic lab diagnosis, antenatal/postnatal care, and screening for non-communicable diseases. They also offer specialist consultations through telemedicine.
After the success of the Basti Dawakhanas, the model is being used in rural areas by upgrading the sub-centres to “Palle Dawakhanas” to provide a full range of primary health care services. So far, 573 sub-centres have been turned into PalleDawakhanas.
To increase the reach and benefits of its flagship health insurance programme, Aarogyasri, the government of Telangana has converged the programme with the government of India’s Ayushman Bharat programme as the “Ayushman Bharat- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY) -Aarogyasri.“
- Telangana’s Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) dropped by 43% over the past ten years, from 110 in 2010–12 to 63 in 2016–18.
Telangana’s infant mortality rate (IMR) decreased between the national family health surveys NFHS-4 (2015–16) and NFHS-5 (2019–20), from 27.7 to 26.4 (per 1000 live births).
Between NFHS-4 and NFHS-5 surveys, the rate of institutional births increased from 91.5% to 97.0%, and the rate of births in government hospitals increased from 30.5% to 49.7%.
Rates of vaccination for children ages 12–23 months also went up, from 79.1% in 2015–2016 to 87.4% in 2019–20.
In partnership with GVK-EMRI, a helpline (181) is open 24 hours a day, for distressed women/ who are facing gender-based violence. Anganwadi Services Helpline, 155209, is also available.
The number of days for the Supplemental Nutrition Program for women and children registered at Anganwadi centres increased from 25 days to 30 days.
In Telangana, the total number of schools increased from 40,900 in 2019-2020 to 41,221 in 2020-21.
Due to the economic impact of COVID 19, around 2,35,439 private school students transferred to public schools in 2021-22.
Telangana’s transition rates in 2019–20 were higher than the national averages at all three levels: from primary to upper primary (98.75%), from upper primary to secondary (99.25%), and from secondary to higher secondary (74.15%). At National level 92.8%, 91.4%, and 71.6% respectively.
In January 2022, the government of Telangana launched its flagship initiative known as “Mana Ooru-Mana Badi/ Mana Basti-Mana Badi” with the objective of modernising the infrastructure facilities in government schools over the course of 3 years with an approved budget of Rs. 7,289.54 crore. This programme covers 26,067 government and local body schools and 19,84,167 students.
During the academic year 2020–21, the State Institute of Educational Technology (SIET) made 2,180 digital lessons in Telugu, English, and Urdu for students in Grades 3–10 and sent them through SAT and DDK channels. About 85% of students watched these digital lessons on average.
From 2014 to 2022, the number of residential educational institutions in Telangana went from 298 to 978.
713 colleges registered for a skill development partnership with Telangana Academy for Skill and Knowledge (TASK) between 2014 and February 2022. Around 5,77,148 students and 13,087 faculty members were successfully trained through 450 Faculty Development Programmes (FDP).
In 2021, the Telangana government started Dalit Bandhu, which gives SC households a grant of Rs. 10 lakhs per household without tying it to a bank loan so that they can set up a good source of income.
Under the 2-BHK Housing Scheme, the Telangana government spend Rs. 10,445 crores to build 1,07,612 homes by November 30, 2021.
Telangana government has doubled the number of social welfare residential institutions, from 134 in 2014 to 268 in 2021.
During 2014-2021, the number of Tribal Welfare Residential Institutions went from 96 to 188, the number of BC Residential Institutions went from 19 to 281, and the number of Minority Welfare Institutions went from 12 to 204.
The government distributed 79.98 lakh sheep to 3.81 lakh Yadava and Kurma beneficiaries under the Sheep Distribution Scheme.
The state of Telangana has a Total Forest Cover (TFC) of 26,969.54 square kilometres, which is 24.05% of its total geographical area.
More than 50% of the state’s forest area is in the five districts of Bhadradri Kothagudem, Mulugu, Nagarkurnool, Komaram Bheem and Mancherial. Almost 16% of all the forest land in the state is in Bhadradri Kothagudem.
Telangana has over 2,939 plant species, 365 bird species, 103 mammal species, 28 reptile species, and a large number of invertebrate species.
In 2021-22, at constant (2011-12) prices, the forestry and logging subsector added Rs. 1,944 crores, which accounts for 1.77% of the primary sector’s gross value added and 0.32% of the state’s gross value added.
Between 2014-15 and 2021-22, the forestry and logging industry’s GVA at constant (2011-12) prices went from Rs. 1,715 crores to Rs. 1,944 crores. This is an increase of 13.35% at a compound annual growth rate of 1.8%.
The state government has set a goal of planting 23,000 lakh seedlings throughout the state between the years 2015-16 and 2021-22. By January 2022, 23,599.5 lakh seedlings had been planted, which is 102.6% of the way to the goal.
Telangana has 12 protected areas, including 9 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 national parks. These areas cover a total area of 5,692 km2. This includes the Amrabadand Kawal Tiger Reserves.
In the state, there are 29 sewage treatment plants (STP), which have a total capacity of 885.5 million litres per day (MLD) and a utilization of 735.8 MLD.
The disability-adjusted life years (DALY) rate attributable to air pollution in Telangana is 2,710, while the national average is 3,469. This means that 759 fewer people per 1 lakh people in Telangana got sick or died because of air pollution than in the rest of the country.
Since the formation of Telangana, the government has divided the state’s 10 districts, 459 mandals, and 8,368 gram panchayats into 33 districts, 594 mandals, and 12,769 gram panchayats.
By 2022, it is expected that 46.8% of Telangana’s people will live in urban areas. Telangana has more people living in cities than India as a whole, where only 34.7% of the people live in cities
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare population projections show that Telangana is urbanising faster than the rest of India combined. By 2036, 57.3% of the state’s population is expected to live in cities.
In 2019–20, the worker population ratio (WPR) and the labour force participation rate (LFPR) in Telangana’s urban areas were 57.2% and 51.0%, respectively. This was higher than the LFPR and WPR at the national level, which were 53.5% and 49.6%, respectively.
55.1% of people who work in cities in Telangana have a regular or salary-based job.
Under the PM SVANidhi Scheme, Telangana was the first state in the country to reach its goal of giving loans to 3.4 lakh street vendors by November 2021.
The Food and Agriculture Organization awarded Hyderabad with the title “Tree City of the World” in 2020.
The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC) has initiated the Strategic Nala Development Program (SNDP) at a cost of Rs. 858 crores for phase-I of the programme to reduce the damage caused by heavy rain in Hyderabad.
Telangana’s ULBs were honoured and awarded in various categories during the Swachh Survekshan 2021 conducted by MoHUA-GoI. Telangana ULBs won a total of 9 awards, including “Best Self-Sustaining City,” “Cleanest City,” “Best City in Innovation and Best Practices,” “Fastest Mover City,” and “Self-Sustaining Cantonment.”
The government of Telangana opened South India’s largest waste-to-energy (WtE) plant in Jawahar Nagar in 2021. It will use Hyderabad’s municipal solid waste to generate 63 MW of electricity.
During COVID-19, the government gave Rs. 36.83 crores in credit support to 6,603 urban SHGs to help them support businesses run by women.
- Telangana ranked third in India in terms of the number of e-transactions per 1,000 population for three consecutive years from 2019.
Telangana Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) at Current Prices (Rs. in crore)
|Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry and Fishing||76,123||1,89,826|
|Forestry and Logging||2,465||4,512|
|Fishing and Aquaculture||2,670||6,128|
|Mining and Quarrying||14,706||31,208|
|Electricity, Gas, Water supply and Other Utility Services||7,340||17,967|
|Trade, Repair, Hotels and Restaurants||64,269||1,74,654|
|Trade and Repair Services||56,974||1,61,991|
|Hotels and Restaurants||7,295||12,662|
|Transport, Storage, Communication & Services related to Broadcasting||35,866||58,324|
|Services incidental to Transport||4,937||5,501|
|Communication & Services related to Broadcasting||7,584||12,535|
|Real Estate, Ownership of Dwelling and Professional Services||96,912||2,15,426|
|Total GSVA at Basic Prices||4,66,499||10,39,371|
|Taxes on Products||48,642||1,31,280|
|Subsidies on Products||9,292||15,791|
Telangana Gross State Domestic Product at Constant (2011-12) Prices (Rs in crores)
|Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry and Fishing||55,811||88202|
|Forestry and Logging||1,715||1,944|
|Fishing and Aquaculture||2,031||3.051|
|Mining and Quarrying||12,604||21,569|
|Electricity, Gas, Water supply and Other Utility Services||6,624||10,781|
|Trade, Repair, Hotels and Restaurants||52,230||98,154|
|Trade and Repair Services||46,315||91,116|
|Hotels and Restaurants||5,915||7,038|
|Transport, Storage, Communication & Services related to Broadcasting||31,075||40,109|
|Services incidental to Transport||4,338||3,480|
|Communication and Services related to Broadcasting||6,617||7,936|
|Real Estate, Ownership of Dwelling and Professional Services||78,506||1,20,199|
|Total GSVA at Basic Prices||3,83,073||6,12,135|
|Taxes on Products||41,113||85.551|
|Subsidies on Products||7,854||12,136|