Telangana Festivals : Medaram Jatra
After Kumbha Mela, a festival that attracts the largest number of devotees in the country is Sammakka Saralamma Festival.
Sammakka Saralamma Jatara which is also known to be Medaram Jatara.
Festival/jatara starts in Medaram in Tadvai mandal of Jayashankar Bhupalpally district. Medaram is in remote place of Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary.
Image Credit : Deccan Chronicle
Jatara is celebrated, because of fight of mother and daughter, Sammakka and Saralamma, with the reigning rulers against an unjust law and it is believed by the tribals that it is the time where goddess visits them.
It is a hindu tribal festival, according to tribal story in 13th century, some tribal leaders who went for hunting found a new born girl (Sammakka) emitting enormous light playing amidst tigers. She was adopted and bought up by the head of the tribe and became a saviour of the tribals of that region.
Image Credit : The Hindu
She was married to Pagididda Raju, a feudatory tribal chief of Kakatiyas. She was blessed with 2 daughters and one son namely Sarakka, Nagulamma and Jampanna.
Jatara is held once in every 2 years for 4 days with a crowd of Millions of people from different states of India i.e., Telanagana, Andra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka and parts of Jharkhand)
In 2008 the estimated crowd is of 8 million people celebrated on 27-30 January
in 2012 the estimated crowd is of 10 million people celebrated on 8-11 February.
In 2014 the estimated crowd is of 15 million people celebrated on 12-15 February,
in 2016 the estimated crowd is of 25 million people celebrated on 17-20 February
in 2018 celebrations on 31-03 January.
People take bath in Jampanna Vagu which is a tributary to river Godavari and offer bellam (jaggery) equal to their weight to the goddesses. Jampanna is son of the goddess Sammakka and tribal warrior who fought against Kakatiya Army and died in battle hence took the name jampanna vague.
Image Credit : Hans India
Vague is still red in colour marked with the blood of Jampanna and taking a holy dip in the red water of Jampanna Vague that reminds them the sacrifice of their gods who save them and also induces courage into their souls. Bridge is constructed over Vague called as Jampanna Vague Bridge
In early days the only transport to reach medarm was bullock cart but now Government declared the festival as 1000 yr old festival and laid down roads as results many buses and private vehicles are available.
Buses Fares In Telangana State for 2018 Medaram Jatara.
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