Bathukamma Telangana Festivals
Telangana Bathukamma Festival Importance
Bathukamma Telangana Festivals: Bathukamma is a floral festival celebrated usually in the month of September–October by the Hindu women of Telangana state and it represents the cultural spirit of Telangana.
Bathukamma starts on the day of Mahalaya Amavasya and is celebrated for 9 days ie., (Durga Navratri) and the 9-day festivities will end with “Saddula Bathukamma” or “Pedda Bathukamma” festival on Ashwayuja Ashtami, popularly known as Durgashtami which is two days before Dussehra.
Buthukamma followed by Boddemma, which is a 7-day festival indicates the beginning of the Sharath Ruthu by making an end to Varsha Ruthu.
Bathukamma is a beautiful flower stack arranged with unique seasonal flowers in layers in the shape of the gopuram.
In Telugu, ‘Bathukamma’ means ‘Mother Goddess come Alive’ and Goddess Maha Gauri-‘Life Giver’ is worshipped in the form of Bathukamma – the patron goddess of womanhood, Maha Gauri Devi.
On Bathukamma, women dress up with traditional sarees and teenage girls dressed up in Langa-Oni / Lehenga choli paired with jewels to bring out the traditional grace and look.
Image Credit: telanganatourism.gov.in
For the nine days of Festivals women gather flowers from the wild plains like Celosia, Senna, Marigold, Chrysanthemum, Indian Lotus, Cucurbita leaves & flowers, Cucumis Sativus leaves & flowers, Memecylon edule, Tridax procumbens, Trachyspermum ammi, Katla, Teku Flowers, etc.,
For the first 5 days of the festival, women clean their vakili with water mixed with cow dung and decorate the yard with Managal Akara or muggu patterns. Bathukamma is prepared in wide plate called Thambalam by cutting the flowers and dipping Gunugu flowers in vibrant colors.
for nine days each day has a type of “naivedyam” offered to Goddess. for the first eight days, young people and young girls are involved in preparations and celebrations and on the last day called saddula Bathukamma all the young and women gather in large numbers with their Bathukammas in open areas of their locality.
All women will form a circle around the Bathukamma and start singing folk songs by clapping their hands
and revolving around the Bathukamma the songs like Uyyaala – ఉయ్యాల, Chandamama – చందమామ or Gouramma. These songs invoke the blessing of the various goddesses by granting good health, prosperity, and happiness for their families.
Following is the list of names for each day and the Naivedyam offered on those days
|DAYS||FOOD OFFERED/ NAIVEDYAM|
Engili pula Bathukamma – The first day starts on Mahalaya Amavasya, also known as Pethara Amavasya in the Telangana region.
|Nuvvulu (Sesame seeds) with biyyampindi (rice flour) or nookalu (coarsely ground wet rice).|
Atkula Bathukamma falls on the Padyami (first day) of Ashwayuja Masam
|Sappidi pappu (Bland boiled lentils), bellam (jaggery), and atkulu (flattened parboiled rice)|
Muddapappu Bathukamma falls on Vidiya/second day of Ashwayuja Masam
|Muddapappu (softened boiled lentils), milk and bellam (jaggery)|
Nanabiyyam Bathukamma falls on thidiya/third day of Ashwayuja Masam.
|Nananesina biyyam (wet rice), milk, and bellam (jaggery)|
Atla Bathukamma falls on the Chaturthi/fourth day of Ashwayuja Masam.
|Uppidi pindi atlu (pan cakes made from wheatlets), or Dosa|
Aligina Bathukamma falls on the Panchami/fifth day of Ashwayuja Masam.
Vepakayala Bathukamma falls on the sashti/sixth day of Ashwayuja Masam.
|Rice flour shaped into the fruits of the neem tree is deep-fried.|
Vennamuddala Bathukamma falls on sapthami/seventh day of Ashwayuja Masam.
|Nuvvulu (sesame), Venna (Butter) or ghee (clarified butter), and bellam (jaggery)|
Saddula Bathukamma: The ninth day of bathukamma is celebrated on Ashtami/eight-day of Ashwayuja masam, and coincides with Durgashtami.
|Five types of cooked rice dishes: perugannam saddi (curd rice), chinthapandu pulihora saddi (tamarind rice), nimmakaya saddi (lemon rice), kobbara saddi (coconut rice) and nuvvula saddi (sesame rice)|
Many versions for the festival include
Once upon a time, King Dharmangada of the Chola Dynasty used to rule South India. After many prayers and rituals, his wife gave birth to Goddess Lakshmi. Baby Lakshmi survived many accidents. So, the parents named her Bathukamma (Bathuku = Life, Amma = Mother). Since then Bathukamma festival is celebrated by young girls in Telangana.
According to one myth, Goddess Gauri killed ‘Mahishasura’ the demon after a fierce fight. After this act, she went to sleep on the ‘Aswayuja Padyami’, due to fatigue. The devotees prayed to her to wake up, and she woke up on the Dasami
Bathukamma | Telangana Festivals
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