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Telangana History | Vishnukundins | Bits For Competitive Exams

Vishnukundins history telangana MCQ bits for exams

Telangana History | Vishnukundins | Bits For Competitive Exams

History | Vishnukunds | Preparation Guide

 

Vishnukunds Preparation Guide For Competitive Exams

 

Emblem of Vishnukunds – Lion

The Chronolgy of Vishnukunds rulers 

S.NoName of the KingPeriod
1Indra Varma358 – 370 CE
2Madhava Varma I370 – 398 CE
3Govinda Varma398 – 440 CE
4Madhava Varma II440 – 495 CE
5Deva Varma495 – 496 CE
6Madhava Varma III496 – 510 CE
7Vikramendra Varma I510 – 525 CE
8Indrabhattaraka Varma II525 – 555 CE
9Vikramendra Varma II555 – 569 CE

 

1) Vishnukunds started from the northern bank of the Krishna river, and extended their empire up to Narmada river, and they have, for some time, ruled the area that was between the three sea( Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, and Indian Ocean).

2) For nearly 210 years between 358 CE to 569 CE, Vishnukunds ruled primarily Telangana and Northern Andhra lying north of Krishna river.

3) Vishnukunds had their capitals at Amarapuram, Indrapalanagaram and Dendaluru.
Note: Amarapuram is now Amrabad, the present day mandal headquarters in Mahaboobnagar district.

5) Another capital of Vishnukunds is Puranisangamam, at present it could be Sanganigundala in Amrabad mandal, or Sangameswaram near Alamapuram.

7) The history of the vishnukunds is known from 13 epigraphs, 8 inscriptions that were issued. Among these 16 are copper plate inscriptions and 5 are stone inscriptions.

8) The inscriptions that were issued during the period of Vishnukunds are given below in tabular format.

S.NoName of the
Inscription
Region
1Tummalagudem copper plates – 2Valigonda Mandal, Nalgonda district
2Chaitanyapuri stone inscriptionHyderabad
3Keesaragutta stone inscriptionRangareddy district
4Saleswaram stone inscriptionAmrabad Mandal, Mahaboobnagar district
5Velpuru stone inscriptionSattenapalli, Guntur district
6Ipur copper plate inscription – 2Tenali, Guntur district
7Ramatirtham copper plate inscriptionVishakapatnam district
8Chikkulla copper plate inscriptionTuni, East Godavari district
9Tundi copper plate inscriptionTuni, East Godavari district
10Polamuru copper plate inscriptionRamachandrapuram, East Godavari district
11Khanapur copper plate inscriptionSatara district, Maharastra

 

9) Writings of the Vishnukunds period, such as ‘Janasraya Chhando vichchitti’ and ‘Sethubandha’ helps us in understanding the historical development of ancient times.

10) Vishnukunds called themselves as ‘Amarapuriswaras’ or ‘Lords of Amarapuram’ 

11) Vishnukunds extended their kingdom on both sides of the Sriparvata

12) Later Vishnukunds performed Ashwamedha, Rajasuya, Hiranyagarnha and other sacrifices, and they proudly declared their royal authority.

13) Vishnukunds changed area names from Mamidi Vanam to Amrapuram.

14) Umamaheswara temple located nearby area, became famous for mango groves, especially for tummeda mango trees.

15) Mango in Sanskrit is called as ‘Amram’,  bee as ‘Bhramaram’, and thummeda mamidi became ‘Bhramaramram’.

16) The word ‘Bhramaramram’ can be seen in ‘Rasaratnakaram’ written by Nityananda Sidda of 13th century A.D.

17) Aged Mallikarjuna idol((vriddha), made of Maddi trunk can be seen on the northern side of inner temple (garbha gudi) at Srisailam.

18) As the vishnukunds followed Vedic religion,  Indra happened to be the prime god in the vedas, on his name Amrapuram, and Sakrapuram, and later their another capital Indrpalanagaram have all been adopted in Sanskrit.

19) Vishnukunds performed sacrifices (Yagnas ) and they donated ‘agraharas’ to the brahmins.

20) Vishnukunds physical sources are available at Amrabad and Munnanur areas.

21) Vishnukunds Physical evidence like sacrificial altar and bath place were notified near an old temple at ‘Pratapagirikota’ (fort) near Munnanur.

22) Vishnukunds seem to have donated  village to the Brahmins, Brahmanapalli as an ‘agrahara’.

23) Govindaraju, one of the earliest kings of Vishnukunds dynasty has donated Prekapora and Enmadala villages to Paramabhattarika Vihara and built at Sakrapuram ( Indrapalanagaram) by his queen, Paramabhattatika devi.

24) According to Inscription sources, vishnukunds king Madhava Varma installed Dantamukha Swamy (Ganapati) idol in the Bhutagrahaka Swamy (Yama)  temple at Amarpuram.

25) A black Ganapati idol of four feet height can be  seen even today in Amrabad village

26) Near Amrabad, two villages by the name Madhavonipalle and Macharam, named after Vishnukund kings Madhava Varma and Manchanala.

27) Acording B.N Sastry,  Kotappakonda sthala Mahatmyam that ‘Tripurantakam’ means the combination of Rudrasikaram, Vishnusikharam and Brahmasikharam,
Note: On the Top and below the Bahmasikharam, Salankayya constructed temples for Siva and saivite devotee Anandavalli, and deity of the temple is called as Kotappa.
These details are seen in  ‘Parvata Prakaranam’ of ‘Panditarandhya Charitra’, written by Palkuriki Somanantha.

28) Somanantha stated as, On Sriparvata to its south ‘Gunda Tirtham’ in pot shape ‘Mallikakundam’ and in their front ‘Moksheswaram’ and in the west Brahmeswaram are seen

29) Anadavalli temple was constructed by Salankayya.

30) Till 355 CE, Ikshvakus ruled Vijayapuri (Nagarjunakonda) as capital and lying on both sides of Krishna River, but Pallavas defeated them and took control over Krishna river region up to Srisailam.

31) But soon in 358 CE , the Gupta king, Samudragupta who ruled from Pataliputra ( Present Patna, the capital of Bihar )  defeated the Pallavas 

32)Taking advantage of situations, feudatories declared independence,

33) Vishnukunds ruled Maharastra area for nearly 200 years.

34) The king named Machanna Bhattaraka is said to be ruled for some time around 570 CE in the Amrabad region.

35) Govinda Varma has occupied up to the Gundlakamma river by defeating Pallavas.

36) Govinda Varma married the daughter of a powerful local chief Mularaja of Gunapasapuram in the Coastal Andhra.

37) With the help of Mularaja, Govinda Varma defeated the Salankayanas of Vengi and annexed

38) There is Kesari vagu (stream) below the Kesarigutta. The area on the bank of Kesari Vagu is called as Gattukesari. It is now known as “Ghatkesar”.

39) Lion is the emblem of Vishnukunds.

40) The royal seal of Vishnukunds emblem is found in Keesaragutta.

41) Madhava Varma II(440-495 C.E) is known as greatest king among Vishnukunds 

42) Madhava Varma II fought many battles, as mark of his victories he build Sivaliangas on Keesaragutta

43) Madhava Varma II build Ramalingesvara swamy temples at every place where he won the battle

44) Madha Varma II occupied Kalinga, in  33rd regnal year, he attacked Pallavas and expanded the Vishnukund Kingdom up to Gundlakuamma river

45) Madhava Varma II defeated the last ruler of Vakataka, Prithivisena (460 – 480 CE ) and married his daughter.

46) Madhava Varma II extended the kingdom from Bay of Bengal in the East to the Arabian Sea in the West, and  Southern ocean(Pulicat Lake) in the south to Reva(Narmada River) in the North.

47) Vishnukunds coins were found all over Maharasthra.

48) Madhava Varma II had an epithet ‘Trivara Nagara Bhavnagata Sundari Hridaya Nandana'( The one who brought happiness to the beautiful maidens living in the buildings of the city of Trivara).

49) Professor V.V .Mirasi opnied, Trivaranagaram as South Kosala (Bastar), capital of Trivararaja, the king of Pandu dynasty, but some argues it was the capital of kings of Soma dynasty who ruled from the Northern Kalinga.

50) Madhava Varma II shifted his capital to Dendulurupura, which was located near Vengi in order to prevent Pallavas invasions

51) From Vishnukund inscriptions, Madhava Varma II performed 11 Ashwamedha sacrifices, 16 Rajasuya sacrifices and thousand of sacrifices such as Vajapeya, Purushamedha and others.

52) ‘Janasraya’ was written by Madhava Varma II.

53) Vikramendra Varma I was the son of Madhava Varma II.

54) Vikramendra Varma I was known as “Vishnukundi Vakataka Vamsadwayalankara Janma”

55) Vikramendra Varma has a title of ” Mahakavi”.

56) Madha Varma had title of “Trikuta Malayadhipa”.
Note:  Trikuta Malayadhip means ‘He brought their territory under his control’.

57) Vikramendra Varma’s son Indra Varma II was defeated by Madhava Varma III, with the help of Chalukyan King Pulakesi.

58) The title ‘Ranavikrama’ of Pulakesi, were found in Yeleswaram.

59) Esana Varma defeated Indra varma.

60) After the death of Indra Varma II, his minor son Vikramendra Bhattaraka Varma was brought to throne by the council of ministers.

61) Vikramendra Bhattaraka Varma’s had epithet ‘Sakala Bhuvana Rakshabharanaikarsraya’ which means the huge expansion of the his kingdom.

62) In 11th regnal year of Vikramendra Bhattaraka Varma won battle (566 CE) with Pallava King, Simhavarama

63) Vikramendra Varma II died in battle with Prithvimaharaja, with this Vishnukund Dynasty disappeared.

64)Vishnukunds assumed the title of ‘Maharaja’, ‘Sakala Bhuvanakasraya, Janasraya, Satyasraya, Uttamasraya and Vikramasraya’.

65) Kakatiyas referred Madhava Varma as their dynastic founder.

66) Madhava Varma known for best rule, discovered legal duties known as ‘Divyalu’.

67) The details of Divyalu can be seen in literacy works such as Nachiketopakyanam, Prabhodha Chandrodayam, Panchatantram , etc.

69) Madhava Varma had the title of ‘Hiranyagarbha’ Vishnukunds who Performed Hiranyagarbha were first local Sudras of the Telangana region.

70) Vishnukunds Kingdom divisions:

Provinces –> Vishayas

Vishayas –> Villages

71) Rastra were governed by Rastrika.

72) Vishaydhipati was the governing head of a Vishaya.

73) Samantas means Feudatories.

74) Vishnukund king was assisted by ‘Yuvaraja’, ‘Mahamatya’, ‘Amatya’.

75) In order to protect Vishnukund capital from the invasion of Pallavas, they built biggest fort  in Amrabad area it is about 200 kms

76) In Vishnukunds times, land used to be measured in terms of ‘Nivartanas’.

77) Vishnukunds internal trade were carried out in Bhuvanairi and Sultanabad in Telangana and Bojjannakonda and Elamanchilli in Andhra Pradesh, and Nasik, Khanapur, Nagpur in Maharastra, and Brahmagiri in Madhya Pradesh and other places.

78) Vishnukunds foreign trade carried on from the Eastern coast port towns, such as Motupalli and Kodur with the Eastern countries such as Burma, Siam, Cambodia, China, Japan, Borneo, Malaya Arakan and Western Countries such as Egypt, Rome, Greece and other countries.

79) Gold coin of Roman Emperor Constantine (306 – 337 CE ) was discovered in excavations conducted at Kudali Sangameswaram near Alampuram, from this it clear that the Krishna – Thungabhadra doab region was a centre for foreign trade and commerce.

80) According to Chinese traveler Fa-Hien stated that, shells were also used as currency in the Vishnukund Kingdom.

81) According to Chinese traveler, Huien-Tsang stated, full size gold status of Buddha present at Sriparvata but it didnt however, copper Buddha statue measuring of 1-5 inches were found at Buddham and amaravati.

82) The inscriptions of vishnukunds state, they are Varnasramadharma which is associated with giving gifts and donations.

83) Title ‘Parama Brahmanya’ borne by some of the Vishnukunds rulers  which shows importance of Brahmana and Kshatriya caste by assuming Brahmana Kshatriya.

84) Vishnukunds  internal and external trade are done by Vaisyas .

85) Vishnukunds were the followers of Vedic religion.

86) Sriparvataswamy was the Vishnukunds family deity.

87) The titles of Vishnukunds such as ‘Paramamaheswara’ and ‘ Parama Brahmanya’ give impression that they were the devotees of Siva and the followers of Brahmanical religion.

88) Vakatakas were the relatives of ‘Guptas’, who were followed Vedic-brahman religion.

89) Due to influence of Vakatas and Guptas , Vishnukunds got sanskritised and became the followers of Vedic-brahman religion.

90) On the Vishnukunds coins they have carved the word ‘Sriparvata’.

91) Uma Maheswara temple is located in sriparvata padam ie., in Amrabad mandal and it became famous as the northern gateway of Srisaila Devasthanam.

92) Madhava Varma II, in his 33rd Regnal ordered idol installations of war-drum and Dantamukhaswamy(Ghanapati ) in  CE 489.

93) Anadagotris or Kandara Kings (Atti Varma) were the contemporaries of the Vishnukunds, who ruled to the East of Vishnukund kingdom, worshiped ‘Sambhu’ at Vanakeswaram.

94) Akkana-Madanna caves and the temples that Akkanna-Madanna were constructed by Vishnukund king Madhava Varma II.

95) There is a reference to Rama in the sthala Charitra of Umamaheswara temple in Amrabad mandal

96) As the Vishnukunds were Vaishnavas, Sivalingas are called as Ramalingas.

97) Eastern Chalukya king Vijayaditya II who followed particle of constructing victory signs. As a mark of his 108 victories, built 108 Bhimeswara temples.

98) Madhava Varma II was described as “Snanapunyodaka Pavitrikrita sirshah”  means “The one whose head was purified by the sacred waters”.

99)  Regonta village is donated by Vikramendra Varma as ‘Devabhoga’ to Triyambakanatha temple or God Somagiriswaranatha in Netrapati Vishaya.

100) Madhava Varma II had performed sacrifices such as ‘Ekadasaswamedha, Avabritha, Avodhauta, Jagatkalmasha, Agnistoma, Bahuswarna, Purushamedha, Vajpeya Shodarajasuya, Prajapatyaneka Paundarika Sata Sahasrayojino’.

101) Vikramendra Varma has donated Irrundero village for the Buddhist monk ‘Sanghas’ in the year of 566 CE.

102) Govinda Varma’s uncle Prithivimula had constructed a ‘Mahavihara’ named Tokhailikhata in the capital Gunapasapuram and his son constructed another Mahavihara at Gunapasapuram and he also donated Kattacheruvu village and built Sekya Bhikshu Vihara near Tatikonda.

103) Six Aramas has excavated in Phanigiri(2011)  and in each arama there were seen rooms.

104) Chaitanyapuri Inscription happens to be the most ancient inscription that is found in hyderabad region.

105) Rajagriha was the capital of Magadha.

106) Pindapatikula mentioned in the Chaitanyapuri inscription, special branch belongs to Hinayana Buddhism.

107) There are 18 branches of Buddhism and Dasabalabali was the great person who know about all of them

108) There are several sanghas in 18 branches of Buddhism and 14th Arya Sangham was one of them.

109)  Vikramendra varma got constructed Trilokesraya Rajamahavihara for Asanapura Arya Sangham and for its representatives, Sanghadasa has donated two villages along with the gardens.

110) Vikramendra Varma had Buddhism-related titles of ‘Mahabodhisatva’ and ‘Paramasaugata’.

111) Sanghadasa belonged to the Kshemacharya branch that belonged to Tamaraparni (Sri Lanka).

121) Vishnukunds were the last Telugu rulers who patronized Buddhism.

122) By the end of C.E 5th Century to the south of Krishna river, in Amravati and Nagajunakonda areas,  an important branch in Buddhism born/started called Vajrayana Buddhism

123) Brahmin supremacy’ in Buddhist sanghas and arama – viharas.
Note: Anantha brahmana inscription which shows in connection with vihara installation and Govindha Varma’s inscription stands as a proofs for Brahmin’s supremacy. 

124) Brahmins gradual made Buddha as the 9th Avatara of Vishnu, As a result some Buddhist holy centres were turned into Vaishnava centres.

125) The last great philosophers of Buddhist religion lived in the Vishnukundin Kingdom, Dingnaga 

126) Isvarakrishna was the author of ‘Sankhya Karika’.

127) From Kalidasa’s work ‘Meghasandesham’ about Godavari River known as  Dingnaga lived for some time at Ramagiri ( Ramagundam ) and Munulagutta ( near Kotilingala ) in Karimnagar District.

128) ‘Pramana Samuchchayam’ was the famous work in Sanskrit by Dinganaga.

129) In a Kannada literacy text ‘Dharamarutam’ written in 1115 CE by a Jain poet Nayasena,  references found of  ‘Sriparvata’ and its adjacent places.

130)  ‘Dharamarutam’ mentioned that the name ‘Sriparvata’ was derived from the the first letter of ‘Sridharamuni’ who was the brother of Ikshavaku King Priyabala who ruled Vengi

131) Pratipalapuram was the capital of Vengi.

132) Indra Varma was the first king of Vishnukunds.

133) Mukmiri was a Jainism related Goddess.

134) Jain temples became Saiva temples in Vishnukundins times.

135) Vishnukunds established ‘Ghatikasthanas’ and patronized Vedic studies.

136) Govinda Varma described as “Shadabhigna”.

137) Indrabhattaraka Varma had title of “Ghatikavapta Punyasancharya”.

138) Vishnukunds period Prakit language replaced to Sanskrit as State Language.

139) The word “vijaya Rajya Samvatsarambul” were in  Chikkula inscription and ambul was a telugu word.

140) Ganaswamy written “Janasraya” with the name of King title of Madhava Varma II.

141) Kavijanasrya was written by Malliya Rechana  

142) Buddhas foot prints, chaityas, stupas, aramas-virahas of the monks and mantapas are came into lights in Vishnukunds periods.

143) Buddhist stupa at Nelakondapalli is called as “Virat Stupa”,  later it is used to be called as “Virat Raju Gadde”.

144) Chaitya decorations of the Vishnukunds period are seen on the manatapa pillars 

145) Umamaheswaram which was near Amaravati was the birth place of Vishnukunds.

146) Vishnukunds praised as “Parama Maheswaras”which indicates they were devotees of Siva.

147) At Umamaheswaram, the Sivalinga carved by the pallavas and the war-drum (Nagara Bheri ) arranged by the Vishnukunds are even seen today

148) Among the two caves temples at Saleswaram, ‘Viswesa Kakkales” was written in Brahmi script on the wall of temple,which was identified by Dr. Dyanavanapalli”.

150) Alampuram has became famous for Bala Brahmeswara as well as the temple of Jogulamba.

151) The kings after Vishnukunds build Nava Brahma temples.

152) Undavalli, Mogalrajapuram and Indrakeeladri hills became capital of Vishnukunds in final period and on their walls writing of Sri Utpatti Pidugu was found.

Vishnukundins | Bits For Competitive Exams

 

Frequently asked questions in Competitive Exams for Telangana History ( Commonly asked MCQ’s)

 

Telangana History: Vishnukundins history telangana MCQ bits for exams

1) Who ruled the area between the three sea ( Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean )?

a) Vakatakas

b) Vishnukunds

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

b) Vishnukunds

 

2) Vishnukunds ruled nearly _____ number of years primarily Telangana and Northern Andhra lying north of Krishna River.

a) 200 years

b) 210 years

c) 220 years

d) 230 years

b) 210 years

 

3) Vishnukunds had their capital at ?

a) Amarapuram

b) Indrapalanagaram

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

c) Both a and b

 

4) Indrapalanagaram is located at ___?

a) In Amarapuram

b) Outskirts of Tummalagudem

c) In Tummalagudem

d) None of the above

b) Outskirts of Tummalagudem

 

5) Tummalagudem Copper plates is found in ?

a) Hyderabad

b) Rangareddy

c) Sangareddy

d) Nalgonda District

d) Nalgonda District

 

6) Chaitanyapuri stone inscription is found in?

a) Valigonda Mandal

b) Hyderabad

c) Amrabad Mandal

d) None of the above

b) Hyderabad

 

7) In Which region, Keesaragutta stone inscription found?

a) Rangareddy District

b) Sangareddy

c) Hyderabs

d) Warangal district

a) Rangareddy District

 

8) Saleswaram stone inscription was found in ?

a) Amrabad Mandal

b) Mahaboobnagar District

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

c) Both a and b

 

9) Velpur stone inscription was found in?

a) Sattenapalli

b) Guntur District

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

c) Both a and b

 

10) ________region has Ipur Copper plate inscription?

a) Guntur District

b) Valigonda Mandal

c) Tennali

d) Both a and c

d) Both a and c

 

11) Which of the following are the insciptions of Vishnukundhs?

a) Tummalagudem Copper plates

b) Chaitanyapuri Stone Inscriptions

c) Khanapur Copper plate inscription

d) All of the above

d) All of the above

 

12) Vishnukunds called themselves as ?

a) Amarpuriswaras

b) Lords of Amarapuram

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

c) Both a and b

 

13) Vishnukunds extended their kingdom on both sides of ?

a) Sriparvata

b) Warangal District

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

a) Sriparvata

 

14) Umamaheswara temple area, located nearby, became famous for ?

a) Mango groves

b) River belt

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

a) Mango groves

 

15) Mango in Sanskrit is called as ?

a) Bhramaram

b) Amaram

c) Mamidi

d) Both a and b

b) Amaram

 

16) Vishnukunds followed ________ religion?

a) Vedic Religion

b) Buddhism

c) Jainism

d) All of the above

a) Vedic Religion

 

17) Vishnukunds physical sources are available at ?

a) Amrabad

b) Munnanur

c) Both a and b

d) None

c) Both a and b

 

18) Who was Yama?

a) God of lives

b) God of deaths

c) God of land

d) None

b) God of deaths

 

19) Till 355 CE, the Ikshvakus ruled districts in the middle of _____?

a) Telangana

b) Karnataka

c) Tamil nadu

d) Andhra Pradesh

d) Andhra Pradesh

 

20) Indra Varma King ruled in between ?

a) 495 – 496 CE

b) 370 – 398 CE

c) 525 – 555 CE

d) 358 – 370 CE

d) 358 – 370 CE

 

21) Among Vishnukunds, which king ruled over 370 CE to 398 CE ?

a) Indra Varma

b) Madhava Varma I

c) Govinda Varma

d) Madhava Varma II

b) Madhava Varma I

 

22) Among Vishnukunds, which king ruled over 440 CE to 495 CE?

a) Madhava Varma I

b) Madhava Varma II

c) Madhava Varma III

d) None of the above

b) Madhava Varma II

 

23) Which of the following king married daughter of a powerful chief Mularaja of Gunapasapuramin of coastal Andhra?

a) Govinda Varma

b) Indra Varma

c) Deva Varma

d) Vikramendra Varma

a) Govinda Varma

 

24) The area on the bank of ‘Kesari Vagu’ is now called?

a) Hyderabad

b) Aroma Kesar

c) Ghatkesar

d) None of the above

c) Ghatkesar

 

25) Kesari means?

a) Tiger

b) Lion

c) Elephant

d) Jaguar

b) Lion

 

26) ____ was the emblem of Vishnukunds?

a) Kesari

b) Chaitanyapuri

c) Sriparvata

d) None of the above

a) Kesari

 

27) The greatest king among all the vishnukunds was?

a) Madhava Varma I

b) Madhava Varma II

c) Madhava Varma III

d) None of the above

b) Madhava Varma II

 

28) Madhava Varma III fought and won ___ number of battles?

a) 50 Battles

b) 70 Battles

c) 100 Battles

d) More than 100 Battles

d) More than 100 Battles

 

29) One of the inscriptions of Madhava Varma II was found in ?

a) Madhya Pradesh

b) Telangana

c) Maharastra

d) Odisha

c) Maharastra

 

30) ______ were always engaged in wars with Vishnukunds?

a) Pallavas

b) Chalukyas

c) Both a and b

d) None

a) Pallavas

 

31) Vikramendra Varma I has a title called?

a) Maharajasri

b) Maharaja

c) Amarnaadh

d) Mahakavi

d) Mahakavi

 

32) Madhava Varma III was the son of ?

a) Vikramendra Varma I

b) Madhava Varma II

c) Deva Varma

d) None of the above

c) Deva Varma

 

33) Vikramendra Varma ruled Vishnukund kingdom for about ___ years?

a) 5 years

b) 10 years

c) 15 years

d) 20 years

c) 15 years

 

34) After Vikramendra Varma, who ruled Vishnukunds?

a) Indra Varma I

b) Indra Varma II

c) Deva Varma

d) None

b) Indra Varma II

 

35) After Indra Verma II, who was next king (brought by council of ministers)?

a) Vikramendra Varma

b) Vikramendra Bhattaraka Varma

c) Indrabhattaraka Varma II

d) None of the above

b) Vikramendra Bhattaraka Varma

 

36) Vishnukunds ruled over ?

a) Maharastra

b) Telangana

c) Andhra Pradesh

d) All of the above

d) All of the above

 

37) Kaktiyas referred to ____ as their dynastic founder?

a) Madhava Varma

b) Prithvisena

c) Vikramendra Varma I

d) Vikramendra Varma II

a) Madhava Varma

 

38) Madhava Varma dicovered the legal duties known as ?

a) Divyala

b) Sakala Samantas

c) Janasraya

d) None of the mentioned

a) Divyala

 

39) Which of the following are the literals works of Vishnukunds?

a) Nachikettopakhyanam

b) Prabhodha Chandrodayam

c) Panchatantram

d) All of the above

d) All of the above

 

40) Vishnukunds are known for ?

a) Strength

b) Truth

c) Sacrifice

d) All of the above

d) All of the above

 

41) Madhava Varma has the titile ?

a) Janasraya

b) Asraya

c) Hiranyagarba

d) None

c) Hiranyagarba

 

42) Vishnukunds who performed ‘hiranyagarba’ were the ____ of the telangana region?

a) Brahmins

b) Vaishyas

c) Local sudrsa

d) None of the above

c) Local sudrsa

 

43) Vishnukunds Provinces were divided into ____?

a) Villages

b) Vishayas

c) Districts

d) None of the above

b) Vishayas

 

44) Vishnukund king was assisted by?

a) Yuvaraja

b) Mahamatya

c) Amatya

d) All of the above

d) All of the above

 

45) In vishnukunds period, land was used to measured in ?

a) Hectares

b) Nivartanas

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

b) Nivartanas

 

46) Vishnukunds carried out foreign trade from the east coast port towns of ___?

a) Motupalli

b) Coastal Andhra

c) Sultanabad

d) Bhuvanagiri

a) Motupalli

 

47) Huien, a Chinese traveler has written about full size golden statues of Buddha were found at ____?

a) Sriparvata

b) Ghantasala

c) China

d) None of the above

a) Sriparvata

 

48) Vishnukunds carried out foreign trade with ‘kondur’ as port town with ____ eastern country?

a) Burma

b) Siam

c) Cambodie

d) All of the above

d) All of the above

 

49) Which of the following western country provided foreign trade with Vishnukunds?

a) Egypt

b) Rome

c) Botha and b

d) None of the above

c) Botha and b

 

50) According to Fa-Hein a Chinese traveler, during the beginning of 5th century CE _____ were also used as currency in Vishnukunds kingdom?

a) Paper Notes

b) Shells

c) Gold Coins

d) None of the above

b) Shells

 

51) Vikramendra varma donated Irrudero village for monk sanghas in the year of ?

a) 544 CE

b) 555 CE

c) 566 CE

d) 577 CE

c) 566 CE

 

52) Vishnukunds established ____ and patronized vedic studies?

a) Agraharas

b) Ghatikasthanas

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

b) Ghatikasthanas

 

53) Govinda Varma was described as ___?

a) Shadabhigma

b) Mahakavi

c) Parama sogatasya

d) Maharaja

b) Mahakavi

 

54) Buddhist stupa at ‘Nelakondapalli’ was used to be called as ___?

a) Virat Stupa

b) Virata Raju Gadde

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

c) Both a and b

 

55) Vishnukunds have ruled the entire telugu country on the northern bank of river krishna for more than ____ years?

a) 200 years

b) 250 years

c) 300 years

d) 150 years

a) 200 years

 

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