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Establishment of Asafjahis Dynasty | Study Material and MCQ Bit Bank

History of Asafjahis dynasty rule study material download

Telangana History | Establishment of Asafjahis Rule

 

Asafjahis Rule Study Material 

 

Founder of the Asafjahis dynasty was Nizam-ul-Mulk

 

1) Between the period of 1687 to 1724, after the decline of qutub Shahis, Hyderabad Suba as a part of Deccan was under the rule of Mughal. And later Asaf Jhas came to power in Hyderabad region and ruled between the period of 1724 – 1948.

 

2) The Hyderabad state contained regions of Karnataka and Maratwada at the time of Asafjahis rule.

 

3) The state of Hyderabad is located on Deccan plateau between the rivers of Godavari and Krishna.

 

4) Hyderabad has seen all round development under the rule of Asafjahis and created its own identity in India in fields of Culture, Language, Art and Architecture, Literature.

 

5) The founder of the Asafjahis dynasty was “Nizam-ul-Mulk”.

 

6) Ancestral history of Nizam-ul-Mulk goes back to the period of Alam Shaik.

 

7) Alam Shaik is a Sufi scholar, belongs to the kingdom of Bukhara of Samarkhand and he was first Khalifa’s descendant.

 

8) Alam Shaik had a title of “Alum-ul-Ulema”.

 

9) Alam Shaik wife was the descendant of the famous Mir Humdan clan of the Samarkhand region

 

10) Khwaja Abid was the son of the Alam Shaik.

 

11) The son of Alam Shaik i.e., Khwaja Abid left Samarkhand and joined the service of Aurangazeb as a Manasabdar.

 

12) Khwaja Abid played a crucial role in suppressing the revolt of Akbar in the year of 1680. Khwaja abid received a title  “Chin Qilich Khan” for his great skills along with jewellery and horses from Aurangazeb

 

13) Khwaja Abid helped the emperor Aurangazeb in the conquest of Bijapur in 1686.

 

14) Khwaja was made as Subedar of Bidar(Jafarabad) by Aurangazeb the emperor of Mughal dynasty. Later he was with the responsibility of Subedar of Multan and Ajmer.

 

15) Khwaja Abid marched with his army from Multan to assist when emporer Auragazeb, invaded Deccan to conquer Golconda,. In this battle, Khwaja Abid(Chin Qilich Khan) lost his right arm.

 

16) Khwaja Abid passed away on January 30, 1687 and was buried at Attapur, north east of Himayatsagar.

 

17) Khwaja tomb was repaired by Asaf Jah VII in 1942 as it was also in a dilapidated(disrepaired) condition.

 

18) Khwaja Abid had 5 sons. The elder was Mir Shihabuddin Siddiqui who acquired the titles of Farzund, Arjumand Nawab Ghaziuddin Siddique Bahadur, Firoz jung, Sipah salar.

 

19) Mir Shihabuddin Siddique was born at Samarkhand in 1649.

 

20) Shihabuddin Siddique was appointed as Mansabdar of 300/70 by Aurangazeb . Shihabuddin played a crucial role in the Mughals conquest against Rana of Udaipur which earned him the title of ‘Khan’.

 

21) Shihabuddin Siddique earned title of “Firoz Jung” for his success against attack on Shambaji.

 

22) During Mughal attack on Bijapur, Shihabuddin Siddique got title of “Farzund arjumand”.

 

22) Aurangazeb was accompained by Shihabuddin Siddique in the year of 1687 in conquering Golconda. During this conquest Shihabuddin Siddique took part as the army chief of Aurangazeb and subjugated the forts of Adoni and Udgir.

 

23) In 1705 Shihabuddin Siddique defeated Sindhia of Malwa and acquired the title of “Sipah Salar” and was made as Subedar of Elichapur, Gujarat and Berar.

 

24) In the year of 1711Shihabuddin Siddique was infected with smallpox and became blind and died in Gujarat .

 

25) The wife of Shihabuddin Siddique was Safiya Khanam, the daughter Saadulla Khan Bahadur, the Wazir of Shah Jahan.

 

26) Mir Qamruddin was the elder son of Saadulla Khan Bahadur.

 

27) Qamruddin who also had a title of “Nizam-ul-Mulk” established the independent emperor state in Deccan.

 

28) Nizam-ul-Mulk or Mir Qamruddin was the son of Ghaziuddin Feroz Jung and Safiya Khanam and he was born on 11August in the year of 1671 in Agra.

 

29) Mir Qamruddin earned the titles of Asafjah-I, Yaminus Sultanat, Jumlat-ul-Mulk, Madar-ul-Maham, Nizam-ul-Mulk, Khan-e-Duran, Nawab Mir Ghaziuddin Bahadur, Fatheh Jhung, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar-e-Deccan.during his career at the Mughal court.

 

30) After the birth of Qamruddin he was named as “Nek Bhakt” which means fortunate.

 

31) Aurangazeb named Qamruddin as “Mir Kamaruddin Khan Siddique”.

 

31) Aurangazeb appointed Qamruddin as Mansabdar of 450 horses at the first sight and this was doubled after a year.

 

32) At the age of 17 Qamruddin along with his father captured Adoni fort in the year of 1688,. This victory brought to his credit the Mansabdar of 2000/500(Zat and Sawar).

 

33) Nizam-ul-Mulk exhibited courage in the early conquests of his career has brought him the title of “Khan”.

 

34) Nizam-ul-Mulk was assigned the task to occupy Nagori near Bijapur by Aurangazeb in the year of 1698, and in this adventure he along with his father recorded and got success.

 

35) Emperor Aurangazeb, ordered Nizam-ul-Mulk to capture Nagarkot in the vicinity of Bijapur and this task who also successfully completed due to the courage of Nizam-ul-Mulk.

 

36) Nizam-ul-Mulk was also made with Mannsabdar of 3000/500., in the same year his designation was increased to Mansabdar of 3500/3000 and later to 4000/3000.

 

37) Chin Qilich Khan along with Aurangazeb attacked Wajinagar fort in Berar in the year of 1705, . They were assisted by Tarbiyat Khan.

 

38) Later Nizam-ul-Mulk with Mansabdar of 5000/5000 along with one crore and 50 lakhs of Dhams, an elephant and large sum of jewellery was presented by Aurangazeb.

 

39) A ring to Chin Qilach khan that bore “Chin of Yousuf Khan Bahadur” was presented by Aurangazeb.

 

40) Chin Qilich Khan was made the Fauzabad of Feroznagar Fort in place of Yousuf Khan and Kudratullah Khan after their removal in the year of 1706 .

 

41) Aurangazeb passed away on 28th March 1707.

 

42) Azam later declared himself as Emperor as the war of succession(Conflicts) among the siblings of Aurangazeb and the son of Firoz jung for successor of Aurangzeb

 

43) Prince Azam raised his Mansabdar to 7000/7000 and accorded a title ‘Khan-E-Duran’ to bring Chin Qilich Khan into his camp.

 

44) In the war of succession, Prince Azam passed away.

 

45) Muazzam acquired throne of Asafjahis with the title of Shah Alam Bahadur Shah I.

 

46) Chin Qilich Khan was called to the court of Bahadur shah I after he came to throne and he re-accredited all his previous titles held by him and posted him as Subedar of Ouch Suba and Faujdar of Lucknow in 1707.

 

47) Bahadur shah I died at Lahore in 1712.

 

48) Chin Qilich Khan began to march towards Lahore from Delhi to support to know that prince Azam us Shah with a command of 3000 Turani soldiers.

 

49) Jahan Shah, Azam us Shah and Rafi us Shah passed away in the war of succession at Lahore and Jahandar Shah occupied and acquired the throne and became the emperor of Mughal.

 

50) In 1712, Jahandar Shah decorated Chin Qilich Khan with the titles of “Ghaziuddin Khan”, “Bahadur Feroz Jung” and “Fateh Jung”.

 

51) Jahadar Shah appointed Chin Qilich Khan to safeguard Agra in 1712.

 

52) Frooq Siar accorded Chin Qilich Khan with the title of “Nizam-ul-Mulk” after becoming emperor, along with this he appointed him as Subedar of six Subas of Deccan and Faujdar of Karnataka.

 

53) Maraths began to collect chauth and sardeshmukhi in the Aurragabad suba from then Mughal prince Azam Shah and enforced the Maratha domination since the year of 1707.

 

54) Uniform system of revenue policy in Aurangabad Suba was introduced by Nizam-ul-Mulk. He also concentrated on creating efficient revenue administration in all deccan subas without overburdening the poor peasants and punished corrupt officials.

 

55) Sarjarao Ghatne and Chandrasen Jadhav defeated from the Maratha rulers and joined camp of Nizam-ul-Mulk. For joining the camp of Nizam-ul-Mulk, Nizam’s gave chandrasen Jadhav, mansabdar of 7000/7000 and jagirs at Balki, Brahmanabbad, Illandar and Chandarghad which worth 25 lakhs revenue.

 

56) Forts lost by Sahu and Poone were handed over to Chandrasen Jadav in return of his service to Nizam-ul-Mulk.

 

57) Nizam-ul-Malk,, vexed with the court politics of Sayyed brothers on 9th May, 1719 and began to move towards Deccan and he was accompanied by faujar of Bijapur, Rustum Khan Beg.

 

58) The plot of Sayyad brothers was revealed by Nizam-ul-Mulk and he made them rivals of Sayyad brothers.

 

60) In February 1721 Muhammad Amir Khan died and Inayatulla Khan was made as prime minister.

 

61) Ijjat ud Daula was appointed by Nizam-ul-Mulk as his representative in Deccan and in January 1722 he started towards Agra.

 

62) Nizam-ul-Mulk was appointed as prime minister of Mughal empire and also honored with diamond ring, jewel studded dagger and royal cloaks.

 

63) Nizam -ul-Mulk resigned the post of Wazir and came back Deccan in 1724 and reached Aurangabad.

 

64) After Nizam-ul-Mulk leaved Wazir post or PM post and Delhi, he had no way other than than to move tas Subedar of the Deccan.

 

65) Enemies of Nizam-ul-Mulk at court were not silent when Nizam-ul-Mulk left Delhi, and in February 1724 they saw that Abdul Mabat Khan, the son of Mubariz Khan was to be appointed as Deccan Subedar on behalf of minor prince Shahriyar.

 

66) Mubariz khan declared himself as Deccan Subedar after the death of minor boy.

 

67) Mubariz khan was replaced as to Azimabad in Patna instead of Deccan.

 

68) All efforts of Nizam failed and ultimately two armies met at Shakarkheda in Berer region for final showdown on 23rd October 1724. In this battle between the two armies Nizam-ul-Mulk came out victorious and Mubariz khan passed away in this battle.

 

69) After the battle, Nizam-ul-Mulk became subedar of six deccan subas consisting of Ahmadnagar, Bidar, Berar, Bijapur, Khandesh and Hyderabad.

 

70) Nizam-ul-Mulk was accepted by Mughal emperor as Subedar and accorded him with the title of “Asaf Jah”.

 

71) The Mughal farmanas had the titles of Nizam-ul-Mulk Fatehjung, Sipah Salar, Asaf jah were found.

 

72) The designation which is higher than the Wazir is Vakil-e-Mutluk.

 

73) Later Nizam-ul-Mulk was appointed as Wazir or Vakil-e-Mutluk of Mughal empire and once Wazir was appointed he is never removed and it is the tradition that continued under Mughal.

 

74) Deccan Suba was divided into 3 parts by Nizam-ul-Mulk and kept 1/3rd of area under his control that was known as “Serf-i-Khas”. 2/3rd part of the region was kept to mmet the expenditure of the state and this region is known as “diwani”. Rest he distributed to officers and persons whom he thought are loyal to him.

 

75) Nizam-ul-Mulk’s state expansion had taken place between Narmada in North and Kaveri in South, Bijapur in West and Machilipatnam in East.

 

76) Nizam-ul-Mulk tried to abolish Chauth and Sardeshmukhi in his state that was collected by Marathas. This made him to come into confrontation with Marathas in the year of1725 that led war in August 1727 that continued till March 1728. And in this war Nizam-ul-Mulk was defeated at Palkhed near Daultabad and was forced to sign the treaty with Marathas.

 

77) Nadir Shah invaded India after crossing Hindukush mountain range in the year of 1738.

 

78) Army was sent to Karnal by Nizam-ul-Mulk where it joined Mughal contigent to face the Nadir Shah but they failed to control the invaders.

 

79) Nadir Shah looted Delhi and Muhammad Shah emperor failed to stop this debacle and gave freedom to Nizam-ul-Mulk to extend talks with the Nadir Shah.

 

80) Muhammad Shah gave titles to Nizam-ul-Mulk as “Amir ul Umra Bakshi ul Mumlik”, “Jamlat ul Mulk”, “Madrul Maham”, “Nizam ul Mulk”, “Bahadur Fathejung”, “Mominus Sultanat”, “Sharuknus Sultanat” and “Asaf Jah” to Nizam for his excellence in stopping Nadir Shah.

 

81) Nizam-ul Mulk worked worked as governor between the period of 1713-1715; 1720-1722 and from 1724 till his death.

 

82) Eight Mughal emperors were served by the Nizam-ul-Mulk i.e., between Aurangazeb to Muhammad Shah.

 

83) During Nizam-ul-Mulk life, he took part in 87 battles.

 

84) With the Nizam-ul-Mulk, in Deccan the rule of new dynasty began i.e., Asafjahi rule existed for nearly 225 years (till 1948).

 

85) Before the battle of Shakarkeda Nizam consolidated his position in Deccan that took place in 1724.

 

86) When Nizam-ul-Mulk defeated Dilawar Khan in June 19 1720 Nizam-ul-Mulk rule began near Panthar region and Alam Ali at Balapur on 10th August 1720.

 

87) Nizam-ul-Mulk was proficient in Turkish and Persian languages and as a poet he composed poems.

 

88) Nizam composed Persian poems with pen name “Shakir”.

 

89) Nizam-ul-Mulk passed away in 1748 at the age of 76 years .

 

90) Nizam-ul-Mulk was survived by his 5 sons and a daughter.

a) Mir Ghaziuddin Siddique Bahadur Firoj jung

b) Mir Ahmad Ali khan Siddique Bahadur Nasar Jung

c) Sayyad Mahammus Khan Siddique Bahadur Salabat jung

d) Mir Nizam Ali khan Siddique Bahadur Fateh jung

e) Mir Mahammud Sharif Khan Siddique Bahadur Basalat Jung.

 

Mock Test On Asafjahis Rule MCQ Questions

1) After the decline of Sutub Shahis, between 1687 to 1724 Hyderabad Suba as a part of Deccan was under ____ Rule?

a) Asafjahi Rule

b) Mughal Rule

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

b) Mughal Rule

 

 

2) The Hyderabad state contained regions of ____at the time of Asafjahis rule.

a) Karnataka

b) Matarwada

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

c) Both a and b

 

3) The state of Hyderabad is located on Deccan plateau between the rivers of?

a) Godavari and Musi

b) Musi and Krishna

c) Godavari and Krishna

d) None of the above

c) Godavari and Krishna

 

4) The founder of the Asafjahis dynasty was?

a) Nizam-ul-Mulk

b) Aurangazeb

c) Shajahan

d) None of the above

a) Nizam-ul-Mulk

 

5) Alam Shaik was the scholar of?

a) Buddhism

b) Hindu

c) Sufi

d) Jain

c) Sufi

 

6) The title of “Alum-ul-Ulema” is given to whom?

a) Alam shaik

b) Aurangazeb

c) Nizam-ul-Mulk

d) None of the above

a) Alam shaik

 

7) Khwaja Abid was the son of whom?

a) Aurangazeb

b) Shajahan

c) Alam Shaik

d) None of the above

c) Alam Shaik

 

8) Khwaja abid received a title of?

a) Chin Qilich Khan

b) God of Nizam

c) Star of India

d) Both a and b

a) Chin Qilich Khan

 

9) Alam Shaik was the father of?

a) Khalaji

b) Nizam-ul-Mulk

c) Aurnagazeb

d) Khwaja abid

d) Khwaja abid

 

10) Khwaja Abid helped the emperor Aurangazeb in the conquest of?

a) Bijapur

b) Matarwada

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

a) Bijapur

 

11) Aurangazeb the emperor of Mughal dynasty rewarded Khwaja by making him as Subedar of?

a) Subedar of Hyderabad

b) Subedar of Maharastra

c) Subedar of Delhi

d) Subedar of Bidar

d) Subedar of Bidar

 

12) Khwaja Abid died on?

a) January 30, 1687

b) February 14, 1687

c) March 28, 1687

d) April 22, 1687

a) January 30, 1687

 

13) Khwaja Abid was buried at?

a) Attapur

b) Kollhapur

c) Kollam

d) None

a) Attapur

 

14) Khwaja tomb was repaired by?

a) Nizam-ul-Mulk

b) Asaf Jah VII

c) Aurangazeb

d) None of the above

b) Asaf Jah VII

 

15) Khwaja Abid had __ number of sons?

a) 3 Sons

b) 2 Sons

c) 5 Sons

d) No Sons

c) 5 Sons

 

16) Mir Shihabuddin Siddique was born at?

a) Samarkhand

b) Uttarakhand

c) Delhi

d) None of the above

a) Samarkhand

 

17) Shihabuddin Siddique also earned title of?

a) Firoz Jung

b) Khan

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

c) Both a and b

 

18) Shihabuddin Siddique accompained Aurangazeb in the year of?

a) 1654

b) 1674

c) 1688

d) 1687

d) 1687

 

19) Shihabuddin Siddique defeated Sindhia of Malwa in the year of?

a) 1706

b) 1704

c) 1705

d) 1703

c) 1705

 

20) Shihabuddin died in the year of?

a) 1711

b) 1712

c) 1713

d) 1714

a) 1711

 

21) The Qamruddin who had title of?

a) Khalifa

b) God of Nizam

c) Nizam

d) Nizam-ul-Mulk

d) Nizam-ul-Mulk

 

22) Mir Qamruddin during his career at the Mughal court earned the titles of?

a) Asafjah-I

b) Yaminus Sultanat

c) Jumlat-ul-Mulk

d) All of the above

>d) All of the above

 

23) At the first sight Aurangazeb appointed Qamruddin as Mansabdar of ___ number of horses?

a) 500 horses

b) 450 horses

c) 600 horses

d) 750 horses

b) 450 horses

 

24) In 1688, at the age of 17 Qamruddin along with his father captured the fort of?

a) Adoni

b) Golconda

c) Bhuvanagiri

d) None

a) Adoni

 

25) In 1705, Chin Qilich Khan along with Aurangazeb attacked?

a) Golconda Fort

b) Wajinagar Fort

c) Bhuvanagiri Fort

d) None of the mentioned

b) Wajinagar Fort

 

26) Aurangazeb passed away on?

a) 28th March 1707

b) 05th August 1707

c) 24th February 1707

d) 14th July 1707

28th March 1707

 

27) Muazzam came to the throne of Asafjahis with the title of?

a) Alam Shaik

b) Khalifa

c) Shah Alam Bahadur Shah I

d) None of the above

Shah Alam Bahadur Shah I

 

28) Bahadur shah I died at Lahore in?

a) 1712

b) 1713

c) 1714

d) 1715

a) 1712

 

29) In 1712, Jahandar Shah adorned Chin Qilich Khan with the titles of ?

a) “Ghaziuddin Khan”,

b) “Bahadur Feroz Jung”

c) “Fateh Jung”.

d) All of the above

d) All of the above

 

30) Poone and the forts lost by Sahu were handed over to whom among the following?

a) Aurangazeb

b) Nizam-ul-Mulk

c) Chandrasen Jadav

d) None of the above

c) Chandrasen Jadav

 

31) Raja Gujarimal died in?

a) December 1723

b) October 1723

c) April 1723

d) January 1723

a) December 1723

 

32) The subedar of Nizam-ul-Mulk was increased up to 9000/9000(duaspa) when he became Subedar of ?

a) Delhi

b) Deccan

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

b) Deccan

 

33) In the year 1738, Nadir Shah invaded India after crossing ___ mountain range?

a) Hindukush

b) Himalayan

c) Both a and b

d) None

a) Hindukush

 

34) During Nizam-ul-Mulk life, he took part in _____ number of battles?

a) 87

b) 78

c) 97

d) 79

a) 87

 

35) Nizam composed Persian poems with pen name of?

a) Mulk

b) Shakir

c) Both a and b

d) None

b) Shakir

 

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